Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 409639, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/409639
Research Article

Facile and Clean Solution Synthesis of Large-Scale ZnO Nanorods Assisted with Aliquat 336

1Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Ynnnan University, Kunming, Yunnan 650091, China
2Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry for Natural Resource, Ministry of Education, School of Chemical Science and Technology, Yunnan University, Kunming, Yunnan 650091, China

Received 4 May 2013; Accepted 27 June 2013

Academic Editor: Fernanda Carvalho

Copyright © 2013 Qiang Huang and Jianping Liu. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. F. Klingshirn, “ZnO: material, physics and applications,” ChemPhysChem, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 782–803, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. H. Yan, R. He, J. Pham, and P. Yang, “Morphogenesis of one-dimensional ZnO nano- and microcrystals,” Advanced Materials, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 402–405, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. Z. L. Wang, “Zinc oxide nanostructures: growth, properties and applications,” Journal of Physics Condensed Matter, vol. 16, no. 25, pp. R829–R858, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. G.-C. Yi, C. Wang, and W. I. Park, “ZnO nanorods: synthesis, characterization and applications,” Semiconductor Science and Technology, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. S22–S34, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. X. Hou, F. Zhou, and W. Liu, “A facile low-cost synthesis of ZnO nanorods via a solid-state reaction at low temperature,” Materials Letters, vol. 60, no. 29-30, pp. 3786–3788, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. B. Liu and H. C. Zeng, “Hydrothermal synthesis of ZnO nanorods in the diameter regime of 50 nm,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 125, no. 15, pp. 4430–4431, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. Joo, S. G. Kwon, J. H. Yu, and T. Hyeon, “Synthesis of ZnO nanocrystals with cone, hexagonal cone, and rod shapes via non-hydrolytic ester elimination sol-gel reactions,” Advanced Materials, vol. 17, no. 15, pp. 1873–1877, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. D. K. Bhat, “Facile synthesis of ZnO nanorods by microwave irradiation of zinc-hydrazine hydrate complex,” Nanoscale Research Letters, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 31–35, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. T. Alammar and A.-V. Mudring, “Facile ultrasound-assisted synthesis of ZnO nanorods in an ionic liquid,” Materials Letters, vol. 63, no. 9-10, pp. 732–735, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. L. Xu, Y. Guo, Q. Liao, J. Zhang, and D. Xu, “Morphological control of ZnO nanostructures by electrodeposition,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 109, no. 28, pp. 13519–13522, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. W. Yu, X. Li, and X. Gao, “Catalytic synthesis and structural characteristics of high-quality tetrapod-like ZnO nanocrystals by a modified vapor transport process,” Crystal Growth and Design, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 151–155, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. Kashif, U. Hashim, M. E. Ali et al., “Effect of different seed solutions on the morphology and electrooptical properties of ZnO nanorods,” Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2012, Article ID 452407, 6 pages, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  13. B. Weintraub, Z. Zhou, Y. Li, and Y. Deng, “Solution synthesis of one-dimensional ZnO nanomaterials and their applications,” Nanoscale, vol. 2, no. 9, pp. 1573–1587, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. B. Liu and H. C. Zeng, “Room temperature solution synthesis of monodispersed single-crystalline ZnO nanorods and derived hierarchical nanostructures,” Langmuir, vol. 20, no. 10, pp. 4196–4204, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. M. Reed and J. E. Hutchison, “Green chemistry in the organic teaching laboratory: an environmentally benign synthesis of adipic acid,” Journal of Chemical Education, vol. 77, no. 12, pp. 1627–1629, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. J. Pezhathinal, K. Rocke, L. Susanto et al., “Colorful chemical demonstrations on the extraction of anionic species from water into ether mediated by tricaprylylmethylammonium chloride (Aliquat 336), a liquid-liquid phase-transfer agent,” Journal of Chemical Education, vol. 83, no. 8, pp. 1161–1166, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. P. Giridhar, K. A. Venkatesan, T. G. Srinivasan, and P. R. V. Rao, “Extraction of fission palladium by Aliquat 336 and electrochemical studies on direct recovery from ionic liquid phase,” Hydrometallurgy, vol. 81, no. 1, pp. 30–39, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. Y. Yi-Jun, S. Guan-Yong, M. H. W. Lam, P. K. S. Lam, and Y. Hong-Xia, “Cloud point extraction of bisphenol a from water utilizing cationic surfactant aliquat 336,” Fenxi Huaxue/Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry, vol. 37, no. 12, pp. 1717–1721, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J.-P. Mikkola, P. Virtanen, and R. Sjöholm, “Aliquat 336—a versatile and affordable cation source for an entirely new family of hydrophobic ionic liquids,” Green Chemistry, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 250–255, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. D. Kogelnig, A. Stojanovic, M. Galanski et al., “Greener synthesis of new ammonium ionic liquids and their potential as extracting agents,” Tetrahedron Letters, vol. 49, no. 17, pp. 2782–2785, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. B. K.-W. Man, M. H.-W. Lam, P. K. S. Lam, R. S. S. Wu, and G. Shaw, “Cloud-point extraction and preconcentration of cyanobacterial toxins (microcystins) from natural waters using a cationic surfactant,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 36, no. 18, pp. 3985–3990, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. Antonietti, D. Kuang, B. Smarsly, and Y. Zhou, “Ionic liquids for the convenient synthesis of functional nanoparticles and other inorganic nanostructures,” Angewandte Chemie, vol. 43, no. 38, pp. 4988–4992, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. Z. Li, Z. Jia, Y. Luan, and T. Mu, “Ionic liquids for synthesis of inorganic nanomaterials,” Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. L. Wang, L. Chang, B. Zhao, Z. Yuan, G. Shao, and W. Zheng, “Systematic investigation on morphologies, forming mechanism, photocatalytic and photoluminescent properties of ZnO nanostructures constructed in ionic liquids,” Inorganic Chemistry, vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 1443–1452, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. L. Wang, L.-X. Chang, L.-Q. Wei, S.-Z. Xu, M.-H. Zeng, and S.-L. Pan, “The effect of 1-N-alkyl chain of ionic liquids [Cnmim]+Br- (n=2, 4, 6, 8) on the aspect ratio of ZnO nanorods: syntheses, morphology, forming mechanism, photoluminescence and recyclable photocatalytic activity,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 21, no. 39, pp. 15732–15740, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. Z. Li, Y. Luan, Q. Wang et al., “ZnO nanostructure construction on zinc foil: the concept from an ionic liquid precursor aqueous solution,” Chemical Communications, no. 41, pp. 6273–6275, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. Q. Hu, Q. Li, N. B. Wong, C. S. Lee, and S. T. Lee, “Synthesis of uniform hexagonal prismatic ZnO whiskers,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 1216–1219, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. L. Vayssieres, K. Keis, A. Hagfeldt, and S.-E. Lindquist, “Three-dimensional array of highly oriented crystalline ZnO microtubes,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 13, no. 12, pp. 4395–4398, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. P. Rai, S. K. Tripathy, N.-H. Park, K.-J. O, I.-H. Lee, and Y.-T. Yu, “Synthesis of violet light emitting single crystalline ZnO nanorods by using CTAB-assisted hydrothermal method,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 20, no. 10, pp. 967–971, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. X. M. Sun, X. Chen, Z. X. Deng, and Y. D. Li, “A CTAB-assisted hydrothermal orientation growth of ZnO nanorods,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 99–104, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. H.-J. Zhai, W.-H. Wu, F. Lu, H.-S. Wang, and C. Wang, “Effects of ammonia and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) on morphologies of ZnO nano- and micromaterials under solvothermal process,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 112, no. 3, pp. 1024–1028, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. A.-J. Cheng, Y. Tzeng, H. Xu et al., “Raman analysis of longitudinal optical phonon-plasmon coupled modes of aligned ZnO nanorods,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 105, Article ID 073104, 7 pages, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. G. W. Cong, H. Y. Wei, P. F. Zhang et al., “One-step growth of ZnO from film to vertically well-aligned nanorods and the morphology-dependent Raman scattering,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 87, Article ID 231903, 3 pages, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. R. Zhang, P.-G. Yin, N. Wang, and L. Guo, “Photoluminescence and Raman scattering of ZnO nanorods,” Solid State Sciences, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 865–869, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. S. J. Chen, Y. C. Liu, Y. M. Lu, J. Y. Zhang, D. Z. Shen, and X. W. Fan, “Photoluminescence and Raman behaviors of ZnO nanostructures with different morphologies,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 289, no. 1, pp. 55–58, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. R. P. Wang, G. Xu, and P. Jin, “Size dependence of electron-phonon coupling in ZnO nanowires,” Physical Review B, vol. 69, no. 11, Article ID 113303, 3 pages, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. R. Cuscó, E. Alarcón-Lladó, J. Ibáñez et al., “Temperature dependence of Raman scattering in ZnO,” Physical Review B, vol. 75, no. 16, Article ID 165202, 12 pages, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  38. V. A. Fonoberov, K. A. Alim, A. A. Balandin, F. Xiu, and J. Liu, “Photoluminescence investigation of the carrier recombination processes in ZnO quantum dots and nanocrystals,” Physical Review B, vol. 73, Article ID 165317, 9 pages, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. J. A. Prybyla, S. P. Riege, S. P. Grabowski, and A. W. Hunt, “Temperature dependence of electromigration dynamics in Al interconnects by real-time microscopy,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 73, no. 8, pp. 1083–1085, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. H.-M. Xiong, Y. Xu, Q.-G. Ren, and Y.-Y. Xia, “Stable aqueous ZnO@polymer core-shell nanoparticles with tunable photoluminescence and their application in cell imaging,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 130, no. 24, pp. 7522–7523, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. Z. Li, Y. Fang, L. Peng, D. Pan, and M. Wu, “EDTA-assisted synthesis of rose-like ZnO architectures,” Crystal Research and Technology, vol. 45, no. 10, pp. 1083–1086, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. A. S. Reddy, Y.-H. Kuo, S. B. Atla et al., “Low-temperature synthesis of rose-like ZnO nanostructures using surfactin and their photocatalytic activity,” Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 5034–5041, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. H.-M. Xiong, “Photoluminescent ZnO nanoparticles modified by polymers,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 20, no. 21, pp. 4251–4262, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. K. Vanheusden, W. L. Warren, C. H. Seager, D. R. Tallant, J. A. Voigt, and B. E. Gnade, “Mechanisms behind green photoluminescence in ZnO phosphor powders,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 79, Article ID 362349, 8 pages, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. P. Rai, J.-N. Jo, I.-H. Lee, and Y.-T. Yu, “Fabrication of flower-like ZnO microstructures from ZnO nanorods and their photoluminescence properties,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 124, no. 1, pp. 406–412, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus