Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2013, Article ID 415280, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/415280
Research Article

Kinetics, Equilibrium, and Thermodynamic Studies on Adsorption of Methylene Blue by Carbonized Plant Leaf Powder

School of Chemical and Biotechnology, SASTRA University, Thanjavur 613401, India

Received 30 June 2012; Revised 8 August 2012; Accepted 13 August 2012

Academic Editor: Cengiz Soykan

Copyright © 2013 V. Gunasekar and V. Ponnusami. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Y. Bulut and H. Aydin, “A kinetics and thermodynamics study of methylene blue adsorption on wheat shells,” Desalination, vol. 194, no. 1–3, pp. 259–267, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. R. Gong, Y. Jin, J. Chen, Y. Hu, and J. Sun, “Removal of basic dyes from aqueous solution by sorption on phosphoric acid modified rice straw,” Dyes and Pigments, vol. 73, no. 3, pp. 332–337, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. V. S. Mane, I. D. Mall, and V. C. Srivastava, “Use of bagasse fly ash as an adsorbent for the removal of brilliant green dye from aqueous solution,” Dyes and Pigments, vol. 73, no. 3, pp. 269–278, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. N. Yeddou and A. Bensmaili, “Kinetic models for the sorption of dye from aqueous solution by clay-wood sawdust mixture,” Desalination, vol. 185, no. 1–3, pp. 499–508, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. P. Nigam, I. M. Banat, D. Singh, and R. Marchant, “Microbial process for the decolorization of textile effluent containing azo, diazo and reactive dyes,” Process Biochemistry, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 435–442, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S. Wang and H. Li, “Kinetic modelling and mechanism of dye adsorption on unburned carbon,” Dyes and Pigments, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 308–314, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. H. Aydin and G. Baysal, “Adsorption of acid dyes in aqueous solutions by shells of bittim (Pistacia khinjuk Stocks),” Desalination, vol. 196, no. 1–3, pp. 248–259, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. C. Shih, “Kinetics of the batch adsorption of methylene blue from aqueous solutions onto rice husk: effect of acid-modified process and dye concentration,” Desalination and Water Treatment, vol. 37, no. 1–3, pp. 200–214, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. V. Ponnusami, V. Krithika, R. Madhuram, and S. N. Srivastava, “Biosorption of reactive dye using acid-treated rice husk: factorial design analysis,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 142, no. 1-2, pp. 397–403, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. K. S. Low, C. K. Lee, and K. K. Tan, “Biosorption of basic dyes by water hyacinth roots,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 79–83, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. V. K. Garg, R. Gupta, A. B. Yadav, and R. Kumar, “Dye removal from aqueous solution by adsorption on treated sawdust,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 89, no. 2, pp. 121–124, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. Bustard, G. McMullan, and A. P. McHale, “Biosorption of textile dyes by biomass derived from Kluyveromyces marxianus IMB3,” Bioprocess Engineering, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 427–430, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. T. V. N. Padmesh, K. Vijayaraghavan, G. Sekaran, and M. Velan, “Biosorption of Acid Blue 15 using fresh water macroalga Azolla filiculoides: batch and column studies,” Dyes and Pigments, vol. 71, no. 2, pp. 77–82, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. Prabakaran and S. Arivoli, “Thermodynamic and isotherm analysis on the removal of malachite green dye using thespesia populnea bark,” E-Journal of Chemistry, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 2575–2588, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. R. Parimalam, V. Raj, and P. Sivakumar, “Removal of acid green 25 from aqueous solution by adsorption,” E-Journal of Chemistry, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 1683–1698, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. T. Smitha, S. Thirumalisamy, and S. Manonmani, “Equilibrium and kinetics study of adsorption of crystal violet onto the peel of cucumis sativa fruit from aqueous solution,” E-Journal of Chemistry, vol. 9, pp. 1091–1101, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. Y. Guo, J. Zhao, H. Zhang et al., “Use of rice husk-based porous carbon for adsorption of Rhodamine B from aqueous solutions,” Dyes and Pigments, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 123–128, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. Jumasiah, T. G. Chuah, J. Gimbon, T. S. Y. Choong, and I. Azni, “Adsorption of basic dye onto palm kernel shell activated carbon: sorption equilibrium and kinetics studies,” Desalination, vol. 186, no. 1–3, pp. 57–64, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. N. Kannan and M. M. Sundaram, “Kinetics and mechanism of removal of methylene blue by adsorption on various carbons—a comparative study,” Dyes and Pigments, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 25–40, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. P. K. Malik, “Use of activated carbons prepared from sawdust and rice-husk for adsoprtion of acid dyes: a case study of acid yellow 36,” Dyes and Pigments, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 239–249, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. P. Janoš, P. Michálek, and L. Turek, “Sorption of ionic dyes onto untreated low-rank coal—oxihumolite: a kinetic study,” Dyes and Pigments, vol. 74, no. 2, pp. 363–370, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. B. H. Hameed, “Grass waste: a novel sorbent for the removal of basic dye from aqueous solution,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 166, no. 1, pp. 233–238, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. B. H. Hameed, “Removal of cationic dye from aqueous solution using jackfruit peel as non-conventional low-cost adsorbent,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 162, no. 1, pp. 344–350, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. N. Nasuha, B. H. Hameed, and A. T. M. Din, “Rejected tea as a potential low-cost adsorbent for the removal of methylene blue,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 175, no. 1–3, pp. 126–132, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. N. Nasuha, B. H. Hameed, and A. T. M. Din, “Rejected tea as a potential low-cost adsorbent for the removal of methylene blue,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 175, no. 1–3, pp. 126–132, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. C. Ncibi, B. Mahjoub, and M. Seffen, “Kinetic and equilibrium studies of methylene blue biosorption by Posidonia oceanica (L.) fibres,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 139, no. 2, pp. 280–285, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. Y. S. Ho and G. McKay, “Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes,” Process Biochemistry, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 451–465, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. Y. S. Ho and G. McKay, “The kinetics of sorption of divalent metal ions onto sphagnum moss peat,” Water Research, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 735–742, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. Y. S. Ho and G. McKay, “A kinetic study of dye sorption by biosorbent waste product pith,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 25, no. 3-4, pp. 171–193, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. I. Langmuir, “The constitution and fundamental properties of solids and liquids. Part I. Solids,” The Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 2221–2295, 1916. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. H. M. F. Freundlich, “Uber die adsorption in losungen,” Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie, vol. 57, pp. 385–470, 1906. View at Google Scholar
  32. V. Ponnusami, S. Vikram, and S. N. Srivastava, “Guava (Psidium guajava) leaf powder: novel adsorbent for removal of methylene blue from aqueous solutions,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 152, no. 1, pp. 276–286, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. V. Ponnusami, V. Gunasekar, and S. N. Srivastava, “Kinetics of methylene blue removal from aqueous solution using gulmohar (Delonix regia) plant leaf powder: multivariate regression analysis,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 169, no. 1–3, pp. 119–127, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. B. H. Hameed, “Equilibrium and kinetic studies of methyl violet sorption by agricultural waste,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 154, no. 1–3, pp. 204–212, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. B. H. Hameed, A. L. Ahmad, and K. N. A. Latiff, “Adsorption of basic dye (methylene blue) onto activated carbon prepared from rattan sawdust,” Dyes and Pigments, vol. 75, no. 1, pp. 143–149, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. B. H. Hameed and F. B. M. Daud, “Adsorption studies of basic dye on activated carbon derived from agricultural waste: hevea brasiliensis seed coat,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 139, no. 1, pp. 48–55, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. M. I. El-Khaiary, “Kinetics and mechanism of adsorption of methylene blue from aqueous solution by nitric-acid treated water-hyacinth,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 147, no. 1-2, pp. 28–36, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. Y. S. Ho and G. McKay, “Sorption of dye from aqueous solution by peat,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 115–124, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. Y. S. Ho, “Selection of optimum sorption isotherm,” Carbon, vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 2115–2116, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. G. Crini, H. N. Peindy, F. Gimbert, and C. Robert, “Removal of C.I. Basic Green 4 (Malachite Green) from aqueous solutions by adsorption using cyclodextrin-based adsorbent: kinetic and equilibrium studies,” Separation and Purification Technology, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 97–110, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. Y. S. Ho, W. T. Chiu, and C. C. Wang, “Regression analysis for the sorption isotherms of basic dyes on sugarcane dust,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 96, no. 11, pp. 1285–1291, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus