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Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2013, Article ID 489670, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/489670
Research Article

Preparation of Mesoporous-Activated Carbon from Branches of Pomegranate Trees: Optimization on Removal of Methylene Blue Using Response Surface Methodology

Department of Research and Development, Ministry of Industry and Minerals, Baghdad 5815, Iraq

Received 1 March 2012; Accepted 3 May 2012

Academic Editor: Alexandre Giuliani

Copyright © 2013 Jassem M. Salman. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Mesoporous activated carbon prepared from branches of pomegranate trees (BP) using physiochemical activation (potassium hydroxide treatment and carbon dioxide gasification). Based on the central composite design (CCD), two factor interaction (2FI) and quadratic models were respectively employed to correlate the activated carbon preparation variables. The effects of the activation temperature, activation time, and chemical impregnation ratios on the carbon yield, methylene blue (MB) removal were investigated. From the analysis of variance (ANOVA), the most influential factor on each experimental design response was identified. The optimum conditions for preparing activated carbon from branches of pomegranate trees (BP) were found to be activation temperature of 620.5°C, activation time of 1.4 h, and chemical impregnation ratio of 1.5. The carbon yield was found to be 16% while the removal of methylene blue was found to be 92.5%.