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Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2013, Article ID 541736, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/541736
Research Article

CdS Loaded an Iranian Clinoptilolite as a Heterogeneous Catalyst in Photodegradation of p-Aminophenol

Department of Chemistry, Islamic Azad University, Shahreza Branch, P.O. Box 311-86145, Shahreza, Isfahan, Iran

Received 16 June 2012; Accepted 22 September 2012

Academic Editor: Jacques Lalevee

Copyright © 2013 Alireza Nezamzadeh-Ejhieh and Khodarahm Shirvani. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Natural clinoptilolite, zeolite  CdS-incorporated  was prepared by ion exchange and precipitation procedures and it was characterized by FT-IR, XRD, and thermal methods. The prepared composite was used as a catalyst in the photodegradation process of p-aminophenol in aqueous solution under UV irradiation. The effect of some key operating parameters such as catalyst dosage, temperature, the initial concentration of the pollutant, and initial pH of the solutions on the degradation process of the pollutant was studied. The primary objective was to determine the optimal conditions for each of the parameters. UV-vis spectrophotometric measurements were performed for the determination of degradation and mineralization extents. The optimal operation parameters were found as follows: pH 5, 17.5 mg·L−1 of catalyst loading, and 10 ppm of dye concentration. The CdS particles out of zeolite framework do not show significant degradation efficiency. The degradation process obeyed first-order kinetics.