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Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2013, Article ID 609203, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/609203
Research Article

Distribution Pattern of Some Heavy Metals in the Soil of Silghat Region of Assam (India), Influenced by Jute Mill Solid Waste

Soil and Water Quality Surveillance Centre, Department of Chemistry, Darrang College, Dist-Sonitpur, Tezpur 784001, Assam, India

Received 15 June 2012; Accepted 16 July 2012

Academic Editor: Vladislav Chrastny

Copyright © 2013 Pronil Kumar Bora et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Physico-chemical Analysis of the soil of Silghat region of Nagoan district of Assam, India was carried out to assess the possible effect of jute mill solid waste in the distribution pattern of some heavy metals. Soil samples were collected from ten different locations of the dumping site of the mill and their physico-chemical parameters were analyzed. Scanning Electron Microscopy-Energy Dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM-EDX) and Inductively coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectrometer (ICP-OES) analysis of the samples shows that soil of the dumping sites is highly enriched with heavy metals. The concentration of Fe, Cu, Zn and Pb in the contaminated soil was found to be very much higher than both the continental crust and world rock average values. Correlation studies indicate strong positive correlation between organic carbon content ( 𝐶 o r g ) with all the metals investigated. pH has negative correlation while positive correlation was observed for electrical conductivity with all the metals. Extent of metal contamination was assessed by determining contamination degree (CD) and pollution load index (PLI).