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Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2013, Article ID 615175, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/615175
Research Article

Development of a Cloud-Point Extraction Method for Cobalt Determination in Natural Water Samples

Department of Chemistry, Payame Noor Universtiy, P.O. BOX 19395-3697, Tehran, Iran

Received 11 January 2012; Accepted 15 April 2012

Academic Editor: Juan Campora

Copyright © 2013 Mohammad Reza Jamali et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A new, simple, and versatile cloud-point extraction (CPE) methodology has been developed for the separation and preconcentration of cobalt. The cobalt ions in the initial aqueous solution were complexed with 4-Benzylpiperidinedithiocarbamate, and Triton X-114 was added as surfactant. Dilution of the surfactant-rich phase with acidified ethanol was performed after phase separation, and the cobalt content was measured by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The main factors affecting CPE procedure, such as pH, concentration of ligand, amount of Triton X-114, equilibrium temperature, and incubation time were investigated and optimized. Under the optimal conditions, the limit of detection (LOD) for cobalt was 0.5 μg L−1, with sensitivity enhancement factor (EF) of 67. Calibration curve was linear in the range of 2–150 μg L−1, and relative standard deviation was 3.2% ( 𝑐 = 1 0 0 μg L−1; 𝑛 = 1 0 ). The proposed method was applied to the determination of trace cobalt in real water samples with satisfactory analytical results.