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Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2013, Article ID 640139, 8 pages
Research Article

Application of Electrocoagulation Process for Dairy Wastewater Treatment

1Health Promotion Research Center and Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
2Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

Received 24 August 2012; Revised 7 December 2012; Accepted 10 December 2012

Academic Editor: Ana Moldes

Copyright © 2013 Edris Bazrafshan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Dairy industry wastewater is characterized by high biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5), chemical oxygen demand (COD), and other pollution load. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the operating parameters such as applied voltage, number of electrodes, and reaction time on a real dairy wastewater in the electrocoagulation process. For this purpose, aluminum electrodes were used in the presence of potassium chloride as electrolytes. It has been shown that the removal efficiency of COD, BOD5, and TSS increased with increasing the applied voltage and the reaction time. The results indicate that electrocoagulation is efficient and able to achieve 98.84% COD removal, 97.95% BOD5 removal, 97.75% TSS removal, and >99.9% bacterial indicators at 60 V during 60 min. The experiments demonstrated the effectiveness of electrocoagulation techniques for the treatment of dairy wastewaters. Finally, the results demonstrated the technical feasibility of electrocoagulation process using aluminum electrodes as a reliable technique for removal of pollutants from dairy wastewaters.