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Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 265140, 12 pages
Review Article

Toxicity and Microbial Degradation of Nitrobenzene, Monochloronitrobenzenes, Polynitrobenzenes, and Pentachloronitrobenzene

School of Biotechnology, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan 712-749, Republic of Korea

Received 3 November 2014; Accepted 2 December 2014; Published 21 December 2014

Academic Editor: Davide Vione

Copyright © 2014 Pankaj Kumar Arora and Hanhong Bae. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Nitrobenzene and its derivatives (NBDs) are highly toxic compounds that have been released into the environment by anthropogenic activities. Many bacteria and fungi have been well-characterized for their ability to degrade NBDs. The biochemical and molecular characterization of the microbial degradation of NBDs has also been studied. In this review, we have summarized the toxicity and degradation profiles of nitrobenzene, monochloronitrobenzenes, polynitrobenzenes, and pentachloronitrobenzene. This review will increase our current understanding of toxicity and microbial degradation of NBDs.