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Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 908476, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/908476
Review Article

Effects of Surfactants on the Rate of Chemical Reactions

1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Lorestan University, 68137-17133 Khoramabad, Iran
2Department of Chemical Engineering, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada M5B 2K3

Received 13 August 2014; Accepted 16 October 2014; Published 30 December 2014

Academic Editor: Tomokazu Yoshimura

Copyright © 2014 B. Samiey et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Surfactants are self-assembled compounds that depend on their structure and electric charge can interact as monomer or micelle with other compounds (substrates). These interactions which may catalyze or inhibit the reaction rates are studied with pseudophase, cooperativity, and stoichiometric (classical) models. In this review, we discuss applying these models to study surfactant-substrate interactions and their effects on Diels-Alder, redox, photochemical, decomposition, enzymatic, isomerization, ligand exchange, radical, and nucleophilic reactions.