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Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 648385, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/648385
Review Article

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy in Africa

National Institute of Laser Enhanced Science (NILES), Cairo University, Giza 12613, Egypt

Received 9 December 2014; Revised 16 February 2015; Accepted 20 February 2015

Academic Editor: Jorge Caceres

Copyright © 2015 M. A. Kasem and M. A. Harith. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), known also as laser-induced plasma spectroscopy (LIPS), is a well-known spectrochemical elemental analysis technique. The field of LIBS has been rapidly matured as a consequence of growing interest in real-time analysis across a broad spectrum of applied sciences and recent development of commercial LIBS analytical systems. In this brief review, we introduce the contributions of the research groups in the African continent in the field of the fundamentals and applications of LIBS. As it will be shown, the fast development of LIBS in Africa during the last decade was mainly due to the broad environmental, industrial, archaeological, and biomedical applications of this technique.