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Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 867014, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/867014
Research Article

Reduction of Phosphorus Pollution from Broilers Waste through Supplementation of Wheat Based Broilers Feed with Phytase

1Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture (Saba Basha), Alexandria University, Egypt
2Botany and Microbiology Department, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
3Environmental Science Department, Lahore College for Women University, P.O. Box 54000, Lahore, Pakistan

Received 23 September 2014; Accepted 27 February 2015

Academic Editor: Núria Fontanals

Copyright © 2015 Ahmed Abdel-Megeed and Arifa Tahir. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The present study was conducted to reduce phosphorus pollution from broilers waste by supplementing phytase enzyme in broilers fee. Two hundred two-week-old broilers (Hubbard) were selected and randomly allocated to three dietary treatment groups, one control group (without phytase) and two trial groups (group A with 300 U/kg phytase and group B with 600 U/kg phytase). Each group was composed of 5 replicates with 10 chicks. Broilers fed the control diet (without phytase) gained weight slower (P < 0.05) than the other treatment groups. A significant increase in body weight gain of group A (28.00 ± 2.97) and group B (29.75 ± 3.45) was observed as compared to control group (26.75 ± 2.78). The feed intake of the birds fed the diets containing microbial phytase 600 U/kg was the highest. Phytase significantly (P > 0.05) reduces excreta P and Ca level. Phytase addition did not affect excreta pH. The presence of phytase in feed mixtures significantly (P > 0.05) improves the body weight gain and feed intake of broiler chickens.