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Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2015, Article ID 872964, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/872964
Research Article

SO2 Gas Physicochemical Removal through Pulse Streamer Discharge Technique Assisted by Vapor Additive

1Science and Technology College, North China Electric Power University, Baoding, Hebei 071051, China
2College of Physics Science and Technology, Hebei University, Baoding, Hebei 071000, China

Received 1 October 2015; Accepted 17 November 2015

Academic Editor: Jose Corchado

Copyright © 2015 Xiaojun Wang and Lianshui Zhang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

SO2 removal has drawn extensive attentions for air pollution treatment. In this paper, the pulse streamer discharge technique is investigated. Emission spectra diagnosis experimentally indicates that the SO2 molecule has been physically dissociated into SO and O radicals by electron collision and can be remediated through further chemical reactions during and after discharge. In order to quantitatively analyze the removal physical chemistry kinetics, a zero-dimensional physicochemical reaction model is established. Without H2O vapor additive, the SO2 removal efficiency is leanly low and only 0.296% has been achieved under pulse discharge duration of 0.5 μs. Through increasing the electrical concentration six times, the removal efficiency has been slightly heightened to 1.796% at pulse duration of 3 μs. Contrarily, vapor additive can effectively improve the removal kinetics, and removal efficiency has been remarkably heightened to 13.0195% at pulse duration of 0.5 μs with H2O/SO2 initial concentration ratio of 0.1 : 1. OH radicals decomposed from H2O through electron collision are the essential factor to achieve such improvement, which have effectively adjusted the chemical removal process to the favorite directions. The major productions have been transformed from HSO3 and HOSO2 to H2SO4 when vapor ratio increased above 1.27 : 1.