Table 2: Various bioactive compounds present in persimmon and their functional properties.

SourceHealth benefitsReference

Extracted polyphenol
-CoumaricPrevention of oxidative stress related diseases including diabetes [86]
TanninsScavenging action against active oxygen free radicals[82, 87, 88]
TanninAssists the neuronal degeneration and karyopyknosis in cells, reduction of thickness of skin epidermis[89]
FlavonoidsScavenging action against active oxygen free radicals[82, 87, 88]
Persimmon fruit
Whole fruitPossesses antitumor effects due to betulinic acid[47, 90]
Blood pressure-lowering and diuretic effects, also effective for coughs treatment[91]
Has antioxidative potentials due to compounds like vitamin A, beta-carotene, lycopene, lutein, zeaxanthin, and cryptoxanthin[92]
Exhibits hypolipidemic and antioxidant properties[50, 82]
Contains nutritional antioxidant vitamins, polyphenols, and dietary fiber[93, 94]
Reduction of patches of pigmentation on skin[95]
Has ability to dilate the blood vessels near the surface of the skin, thereby allowing more blood to flow through the skin, where it can be cooled by the air (antifebrile)[96]
Reduction of degenerative disease in human beings[91, 9799]
Fruit peel powderPharmacological potential such as antioxidant and hypocholesterolemic [51, 95, 100]
Water-soluble polysaccharides extracted from persimmon fruitsHave ability to alter or regulate immune functions (immunomodulatory activity)[85]
Persimmon vinegarHas antitumor and antioxidative effects and also prevents metabolic disorder induced by chronic alcohol administration[101]
Plant and leaf extracts
Persimmon leaf teaPrevents hardening of the arteries which ultimately lowers the blood pressure[95]
Good source of natural antioxidants[102]
Persimmon plant extractsContain antitumor and multidrug resistance-reversing agents
Stop oxidative damage of DNA
Persimmon calyx extractsAnticonvulsants[103]
Persimmon plant supplemented to a dietHypocholesterolemic and antioxidative effects[82]
Persimmon seedsContain omega 6 fatty acids like palmitic acid, oleic acid, and linoleic acid[63]
Radical-scavenging activity[104]