Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2016, Article ID 6271808, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6271808
Research Article

A Simple HPLC-ELSD Method for Sugar Analysis in Goji Berry

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Section of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Perugia, Via San Costanzo, 06126 Perugia, Italy

Received 12 November 2015; Accepted 10 January 2016

Academic Editor: Patricia Valentao

Copyright © 2016 D. Montesano et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. I. Badjakov, M. Nikolova, R. Gevrenova, V. Kondakova, E. Todorovska, and A. Atanassov, “Bioactive compounds in small fruits and their influence on human health,” Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 581–587, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. Forino, L. Tartaglione, C. Dell’Aversano, and P. Ciminiello, “NMR-based identification of the phenolic profile of fruits of Lycium barbarum (goji berries). Isolation and structural determination of a novel N-feruloyl tyramine dimer as the most abundant antioxidant polyphenol of goji berries,” Food Chemistry, vol. 194, pp. 1254–1259, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. A. M. Lu and M. L. Wang, “On the identification of the original plants in the modernization of Chinese herbal medicine—an example from the taxonomy and exploition of ‘Gouqi’,” Acta Botanica Boreali-Occidentalia Sinica, vol. 23, pp. 1077–1083, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  4. H. Amagase and N. R. Farnsworth, “A review of botanical characteristics, phytochemistry, clinical relevance in efficacy and safety of Lycium barbarum fruit (Goji),” Food Research International, vol. 44, no. 7, pp. 1702–1717, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. O. Potterat, “Goji (Lycium barbarum and L. chinense): phytochemistry, pharmacology and safety in the perspective of traditional uses and recent popularity,” Planta Medica, vol. 76, no. 1, pp. 7–19, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. Y.-M. Lu and D.-P. Zhang, “Accumulation of sugars in developing fruits,” Plant Physiology Communications, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 258–265, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  7. A. J. Walker and L. C. Ho, “Carbon translocation in the tomato: carbon import and fruit growth,” Annals of Botany, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 813–823, 1977. View at Google Scholar
  8. P. Bucheli and S. Dévaud, “Sugar accumulation in tomato and partial purification of buffer-insoluble invertase,” Phytochemistry, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 837–841, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. N. L. Robinson, J. D. Hewitt, and A. B. Bennett, “Sink metabolism in tomato fruit. I. Developmental changes in carbohydrate metabolizing enzymes,” Plant Physiology, vol. 87, no. 3, pp. 727–730, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. M. Karkacier, M. Erbas, M. K. Uslu, and M. Aksu, “Comparison of different extraction and detection methods for sugars using amino-bonded phase HPLC,” Journal of Chromatographic Science, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 331–333, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. Ganzera and H. Stuppner, “Evaporative Light Scattering Detection (ELSD) for the analysis of natural products,” Current Pharmaceutical Analysis, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 135–144, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) Q2B, “Validation of analytical procedures: methodology,” Federal Register, vol. 62, no. 96, pp. 27463–27467, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  13. C. D. Broeckling, D. V. Huhman, M. A. Farag et al., “Metabolic profiling of Medicago truncatula cell cultures reveals the effects of biotic and abiotic elicitors on metabolism,” Journal of Experimental Botany, vol. 56, no. 410, pp. 323–336, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. Karioti, M. C. Bergonzi, F. Vincieri, and A. R. Bilia, “Validated method for the analysis of goji berry, a rich source of zeaxanthin dipalmitate,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 62, no. 52, pp. 12529–12535, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  15. B. Singh and R. Rastogi, “Chemical examination of Picrorhiza kurrooa Benth.: part VI. Reinvestigation of kutkin,” Indian Journal of Chemistry, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 29–31, 1972. View at Google Scholar
  16. M. Mikulic-Petkovsek, V. Schmitzer, A. Slatnar, F. Stampar, and R. Veberic, “Composition of sugars, organic acids, and total phenolics in 25 wild or cultivated berry species,” Journal of Food Science, vol. 77, no. 10, pp. C1064–C1070, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. G.-Q. Zheng, Z.-Y. Zheng, X. Xu, and Z.-H. Hu, “Variation in fruit sugar composition of Lycium barbarum L. and Lycium chinense Mill. of different regions and varieties,” Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 275–284, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. Q. Zhang, X. Lv, T. Wu et al., “Composition of Lycium barbarum polysaccharides and their apoptosis-inducing effect on human hepatoma SMMC-7721 cells,” Food and Nutrition Research, vol. 59, Article ID 28696, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. M. Zhang, X. Tang, F. Wang, Q. Zhang, and Z. Zhang, “Characterization of Lycium barbarum polysaccharide and its effect on human hepatoma cells,” International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 61, pp. 270–275, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus