Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2017, Article ID 7191590, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7191590
Research Article

Surfactant Incorporated Co Nanoparticles Polymer Composites with Uniform Dispersion and Double Percolation

1Institute of Chemistry, University of the Punjab, New Campus, Lahore 54590, Pakistan
2Institute of Chemistry, Government College University, Faisalabad 38030, Pakistan
3Suleman Bin Abdullah Aba Al-Khail Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Basic Sciences, International Islamic University, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan

Correspondence should be addressed to Mirza Nadeem Ahmad; moc.liamtoh@naivareenoip

Received 26 September 2017; Revised 31 October 2017; Accepted 7 November 2017; Published 13 December 2017

Academic Editor: Yves Grohens

Copyright © 2017 Tajamal Hussain et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. S. Hrkach, M. T. Peracchia, A. Domb, N. Lotan, and R. Langer, “Nanotechnology for biomaterials engineering: structural characterization of amphiphilic polymeric nanoparticles by 1H NMR spectroscopy,” Biomaterials, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 27–30, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. S. A. Bhat, “Concerns of new technology based industries—the case of nanotechnology,” Technovation, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 457–462, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. Hashim, M. K. Al-Khaykanee, and A. Mohammad, “Characterization of (PMMA-CoCl 2) composites,” Journal of Babylon University, vol. 21, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  4. E. Tang, G. Cheng, X. Pang, X. Ma, and F. Xing, “Synthesis of nano-ZnO/poly(methyl methacrylate) composite microsphere through emulsion polymerization and its UV-shielding property,” Colloid and Polymer Science, vol. 284, no. 4, pp. 422–428, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Aghazadeh and F. Aghazadeh, “Electrical conductivity property study of polyanilinecobalt nanocomposite,” Journal of Applied Chemical Research, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 47–55, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  6. T. K. Sarma and A. Chattopadhyay, “One pot synthesis of nanoparticles of aqueous colloidal polyaniline and its Au-nanoparticle composite from monomer vapor,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, vol. 108, no. 39, pp. 7837–7842, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Liu, L. H. Bac, J.-S. Kim, B.-K. Kim, and J.-C. Kim, “Synthesis and characterization of conducting polyaniline-copper composites,” Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, vol. 13, no. 11, pp. 7728–7733, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. T. Hussain, S. Jabeen, K. Shehzad et al., “Polyaniline/silver decorated-MWCNT composites with enhanced electrical and thermal properties,” Polymer Composites, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. Gedanken, “Doping nanoparticles into polymers and ceramics using ultrasound radiation,” Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 418–430, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. S. P. Shaffer and A. H. Windle, “Fabrication and characterization of carbon nanotube/poly(vinyl alcohol) composites,” Advanced Materials, vol. 11, no. 11, pp. 937–941, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. F. Bashir, T. Hussain, A. Mujahid et al., “Tailoring electrical and thermal properties of polymethyl methacrylate-carbon nanotubes composites through polyaniline and dodecyl benzene sulphonic acid impregnation,” Polymer Composites, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. S. M. Reda and S. M. Al-Ghannam, “Synthesis and electrical properties of polyaniline composite with silver nanoparticles,” Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, vol. 2, pp. 75–81, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. R. Ramasubramaniam, J. Chen, and H. Liu, “Homogeneous carbon nanotube/polymer composites for electrical applications,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 83, no. 14, pp. 2928–2930, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Z. Dang, K. Shehzad, J. Zha, T. Hussain, N. Jun, and J. Bai, “On refining the relationship between aspect ratio and percolation threshold of practical carbon nanotubes/polymer nanocomposites,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 50, no. 8R, p. 080214, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. K. Shehzad, A. Ul-Haq, S. Ahmad et al., “All-organic PANI-DBSA/PVDF dielectric composites with unique electrical properties,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 3737–3744, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. K. W. Sandler, J. E. Kirk, I. A. Kinloch, M. S. P. Shaffer, and A. H. Windle, “Ultra-low electrical percolation threshold in carbon-nanotube-epoxy composites,” Polymer Journal, vol. 44, no. 19, pp. 5893–5899, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. Devikala and P. Kamaraj, “Development of polymethylmethacrylate based composite for gas sensing application,” E-Journal of Chemistry, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. S165–S170, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. P. Linganathan and J. M. Samuel, “Synthesis, characterization and electrical conductivity of poly (2-Chloroaniline)/MMT and poly (2-Chloroaniline)/Na-Bentonite Nano composites in the presence of surfactants,” International Journal Of Scientific & Technology Research, vol. 3, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  19. J. Vilčáková, R. Moučka, P. Svoboda et al., “Effect of Surfactants and manufacturing methods on the electrical and thermal conductivity of carbon nanotube/silicone composites,” Molecules, vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 13157–13174, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S.-J. Su and N. Kuramoto, “Synthesis of processable polyaniline complexed with anionic surfactant and its conducting blends in aqueous and organic system,” Synthetic Metals, vol. 108, no. 2, pp. 121–126, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. A. Reyes-Acosta, A. M. Torres-Huerta, M. A. Domínguez-Crespo, A. I. Flores-Vela, H. J. Dorantes-Rosales, and J. A. Andraca-Adame, “Thermal, mechanical and UV-shielding properties of poly(methyl methacrylate)/cerium dioxide hybrid systems obtained by melt compounding,” Polymer, vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 1638–1659, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. L. Terlemezyan, M. Mihailov, and B. Ivanova, “Electrically conductive polymer blends comprising polyaniline,” Polymer Bulletin, vol. 29, no. 3-4, pp. 283–287, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Sumita, K. Sakata, S. Asai, K. Miyasaka, and H. Nakagawa, “Dispersion of fillers and the electrical conductivity of polymer blends filled with carbon black,” Polymer Bulletin, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 265–271, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. C. McClory, T. McNally, M. Baxendale, P. Pötschke, W. Blau, and M. Ruether, “Electrical and rheological percolation of PMMA/MWCNT nanocomposites as a function of CNT geometry and functionality,” European Polymer Journal, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 854–868, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. A. R. von Hippel and S. O. Morgan, “Dielectrics and waves,” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, vol. 102, no. 3, p. 68C, 1955. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. A. K. Jonscher, “Dielectric relaxation in solids,” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 32, no. 14, pp. R57–R70, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. K. Shehzad, Z.-M. Dang, M. N. Ahmad et al., “Effects of carbon nanotubes aspect ratio on the qualitative and quantitative aspects of frequency response of electrical conductivity and dielectric permittivity in the carbon nanotube/polymer composites,” Carbon, vol. 54, pp. 105–112, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus