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Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2019, Article ID 4675276, 10 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/4675276
Research Article

Hydrochloric Acid Leaching Study of Rare Earth Elements from Moroccan Phosphate

Laboratoire de Réactivité des Matériaux et Optimisation des Procédés «REMATOP», Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science Semlalia, Cadi Ayyad University, B.P. 2390, Marrakech 40000, Morocco

Correspondence should be addressed to Marouane Amine; moc.liamg@nima.enauoram

Received 25 February 2019; Revised 1 June 2019; Accepted 8 July 2019; Published 7 August 2019

Academic Editor: Alberto Figoli

Copyright © 2019 Marouane Amine et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

As part of the valorization of the Moroccan phosphate rock by extraction of rare earths, different experiments on natural Moroccan phosphate from the Gantour Basin (basin of phosphate in the Youssoufia area) were done in the REMATOP laboratory. The response surface methodology was used to study the effects of the influence of different parameters (acid concentration, solid/liquid ratio, duration of the reaction, stirring speed, and temperature) on the progress of the phosphate rock’s dissolution process to determine the optimal parameters for the extraction of rare earths. The analyses were made at the same time on the mineral matrix and the solutions resulting from the attack of this matrix by different concentrations of hydrochloric acid. The rare earth analyses done by the ICP-MS technique have shown an overall amount of rare earths (ΣREs) of 228.408 ppm with the existence of yttrium as the major element.