Table of Contents
Journal of Climatology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 345482, 7 pages
Review Article

Interglacials, Milankovitch Cycles, Solar Activity, and Carbon Dioxide

Argonne National Laboratory, 5433 East View Park, Chicago, IL 60615, USA

Received 3 June 2014; Accepted 6 August 2014; Published 8 September 2014

Academic Editor: Maxim Ogurtsov

Copyright © 2014 Gerald E. Marsh. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The existing understanding of interglacial periods is that they are initiated by Milankovitch cycles enhanced by rising atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations. During interglacials, global temperature is also believed to be primarily controlled by carbon dioxide concentrations, modulated by internal processes such as the Pacific Decadal Oscillation and the North Atlantic Oscillation. Recent work challenges the fundamental basis of these conceptions.