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Journal of Computer Networks and Communications
Volume 2019, Article ID 4861294, 12 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/4861294
Research Article

Routing and Clustering of Sensor Nodes in the Honeycomb Architecture

Laboratory RITM, ENSEM, Hassan II University of Casablanca, Casablanca, Morocco

Correspondence should be addressed to Amine Rais; rf.liamtoh@343.enima

Received 20 October 2018; Accepted 8 January 2019; Published 25 March 2019

Academic Editor: Sabrina Gaito

Copyright © 2019 Amine Rais et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Energy is the most valuable resource in wireless sensor networks; this resource is limited and much in demand during routing and communication between sensor nodes. Hierarchy structuring of the network into clusters allows reducing the energy consumption by using small distance transmissions within clusters in a multihop manner. In this article, we choose to use a hybrid routing protocol named Efficient Honeycomb Clustering Algorithm (EHCA), which is at the same time hierarchical and geographical protocol by using honeycomb clustering. This kind of clustering guarantees the balancing of the energy consumption through changing in each round the location of the cluster head, which is in a given vertex of the honeycomb cluster. The combination of geographical and hierarchical routing with the use of honeycomb clustering has proved its efficiency; the performances of our protocol outperform the existing protocols in terms of the number of nodes alive, the latency of data delivery, and the percentage of successful data delivery to the sinks. The simulations testify the superiority of our protocol against the existing geographical and hierarchical protocols.