Table of Contents
Journal of Composites
Volume 2013, Article ID 403656, 9 pages
Research Article

Carbon/Phenolic Nanocomposites as Advanced Thermal Protection Material in Aerospace Applications

1Texas State University-San Marcos, Ingram School of Engineering, 601 University Drive, San Marcos, TX 78666-4616, USA
2Texas State University-San Marcos, Department of Physics, 601 University Drive, San Marcos, TX 78666-4616, USA
3The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Austin, TX 78712, USA

Received 1 February 2013; Revised 21 May 2013; Accepted 21 May 2013

Academic Editor: Xuchun Gui

Copyright © 2013 J. S. Tate et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Ablative nanocomposites were prepared by incorporating multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) into phenolic resin and then impregnating them into rayon-based carbon fabric. MWCNT were blended into phenolic resin at 0.5, 1, and 2 wt% loadings using a combination of sonication and high shear mixing to insure uniform dispersion of MWCNT. The composite test specimens were tested by using an oxyacetylene test bed (OTB) applying a heat flux of 1000 W/cm2 for duration of 45 seconds. Composite specimens with 2 wt% MWCNT showed reduction in mass loss, recession in length, and in situ temperatures compared to control composites.