Table of Contents
Journal of Composites
Volume 2014, Article ID 587980, 8 pages
Research Article

Effect of Moisture Absorption Behavior on Mechanical Properties of Basalt Fibre Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kalasalingam University, Krishnankoil 626 126, India
2S.Veerasamy Chettiar College of Engineering and Technology, Puliangudi 627 855, India
3Department of Mechanical Engineering, Cape Institute of Technology, Nagercoil 627 114, India

Received 2 January 2014; Revised 15 February 2014; Accepted 16 February 2014; Published 20 March 2014

Academic Editor: Masamichi Kawai

Copyright © 2014 Amuthakkannan Pandian et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The study of mechanical properties of fibre reinforced polymeric materials under different environmental conditions is much important. This is because materials with superior ageing resistance can be satisfactorily durable. Moisture effects in fibre reinforced plastic composites have been widely studied. Basalt fibre reinforced unsaturated polyester resin composites were subjected to water immersion tests using both sea and normal water in order to study the effects of water absorption behavior on mechanical properties. Composites specimens containing woven basalt, short basalt, and alkaline and acid treated basalt fibres were prepared. Water absorption tests were conducted by immersing specimens in water at room temperature for different time periods till they reached their saturation state. The tensile, flexural, and impact properties of water immersed specimens were conducted and compared with dry specimens as per the ASTM standard. It is concluded that the water uptake of basalt fibre is considerable loss in the mechanical properties of the composites.