Table of Contents
Journal of Criminology
Volume 2013, Article ID 289689, 11 pages
Research Article

Bullying, Victimization, School Performance, and Mother-Child Relationship Quality: Direct and Transactional Associations

Department of Psychology, University of Cyprus, P.O. Box 20537, 1678 Nicosia, Cyprus

Received 27 February 2013; Accepted 18 April 2013

Academic Editor: Byongook Moon

Copyright © 2013 Kostas A. Fanti and Stelios N. Georgiou. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The current investigation examines longitudinal differences between bullies, victims, and bully victims in terms of the quality of their relationship with their parents and school performance. We also investigate the transactional association between the quality of the parent-child relationship and bullying behavior, after taking into account the longitudinal association among bullying, victimization, and school performance. The sample consisted of 895 mothers and their children who participated in the NICHD Study of Early Child Care. According to the findings, children in the cooccurring bully victim group were at higher risk to experience continuous conflict with their mothers and to perform worse academically. The findings also offer support for the hypothesized transactional association between bullying and parent-child conflict and closeness. Further, a positive longitudinal transactional association between victimization and parent-child closeness was identified. Finally, school performance was positively related to victimization but was unrelated to bullying behavior.