Table of Contents
Journal of Criminology
Volume 2013, Article ID 401301, 13 pages
Research Article

Predicting School Bullying Victimization: Focusing on Individual and School Environmental/Security Factors

1Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Texas at Arlington, P.O. Box 19595, Arlington, TX 76019, USA
2Illinois State University, USA
3University of Texas at San Antonio, USA
4Texas A&M International University, USA

Received 1 March 2013; Revised 29 April 2013; Accepted 18 June 2013

Academic Editor: John McCluskey

Copyright © 2013 Seokjin Jeong et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Bullying behavior continues to be a salient social and health-related issue of importance to educators, criminal justice practitioners, and academicians across the country. While discourse on school bullying is abundant, previous studies are limited in explaining the predictive effect of factors such as individual/demographic variables, school environmental variables, and school antibullying preventive measures. Using a nationally representative sample of 12,987 private and public school students in the United States, the current study examines school safety measures and students’ perceptions about school environments (or climate), especially school rules and punishment. Findings reveal that the variables of security guards, fairness and awareness of school rules, gangs and guns at school, students misbehaving, and teachers’ punishment of students were statistically significant predictors of bullying victimization. Implications of these findings for school anti-bullying programs as well as directions for future research are discussed.