Table of Contents
Journal of Criminology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 592341, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/592341
Research Article

Prediction of Offending: SARPO—The Czech Tool for Assessment of Offenders' Criminogenic Risk and Needs

1Department of Rehabilitation and Treatment, Prison Service of the Czech Republic, P.O. Box 3, 140 67, Prague 4, Czech Republic
2Department of Sociology, Charles University in Prague, Celetna 20, 116 42 Praha 1, Czech Republic
3Prison Plzen, Klatovska 202, 306 35 Plzen, Czech Republic

Received 29 June 2013; Revised 19 November 2013; Accepted 19 February 2014; Published 24 March 2014

Academic Editor: Alexander Hirschfield

Copyright © 2014 Vaclav Jiricka et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In the past three decades, developed prison and probation services have paid large attention to risk assessment tools predicting the probability of reoffending. This not only resulted in a more accurate classification of offenders, but also in a more informed choice of effective intervention helping to reduce relapse in offending behaviour. In terms of reducing the risk of reoffending intervention programmes considering the principle of criminogenic risks, needs, and responsivity proved successful, while imprisonment on its own, where intervention methods were not applied, showed only limited effectiveness. For historical reasons, the Czech Prison Service underwent a different development, although its objectives were similar. It was not until the beginning of a new millennium when the Czech prison system together with a newly created probation service decided to seek new methods of assessing offenders based on criminogenic risks. This paper presents development and results of the first Czech tool used for assessment of offenders’ risks and needs, called SARPO (from the Czech abbreviation of Complex Analysis of Offenders’ Risk and Needs).