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International Journal of Experimental Diabetes Research
Volume 3, Issue 4, Pages 257-264

Effect of Mild Hypoinsulinemia on Renal Hypertrophy: Growth Hormone/Insulin-Like Growth Factor I System in Mild Streptozotocin Diabetes

1Diabetes Center and Department of Internal Medicine, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
2Medical Research Laboratories, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
3Diabetes Center and Department of Internal Medicine, Hadassah University Hospital-EinKerem, P.O.B. 12000, Kiryat Hadassah, Jerusalem 91120, Israel

Received 15 August 2002; Accepted 10 October 2002

Copyright © 2002 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The metabolic aberrations associated with diabetes mellitus profoundly alter the growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor I (GH/IGF-I) system. In severe experimental diabetes, serum IGF-I level is reduced, reflecting altered hepatic expression. On the other hand, increased levels of kidney IGF-I have been implicated in the development of diabetic kidney disease. This study aimed to examine the effect of mild experimental diabetes with hypoinsulinemia on both the systemic and renal GH/IGF-I systems in a low-dose streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rat. Diabetic animals with mild hypoinsulinemia developed renal hyperfiltration within 3 days of diabetes, whereas the renal size increased significantly only between 30 and 48 days of diabetes. Plasma GHlevels were unchanged during the entire course of the study, but a decrease in serum IGF-I, IGF-binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3), and IGF-binding protein 4 (IGFBP-4) occurred after 10, 30, and 48 days. Kidney IGF-I and IGF-binding protein 1 (IGFBP-1) mRNA expression increased after 10 and 30 days of diabetes. A significant increase in kidney IGFBP-1/2, IGFBP-3, and IGFBP-4 proteins was seen after 48 days of diabetes.Apositive correlations was found between renal growth and insulin/glucose ratio (r = .57), kidney IGF-I (r = .57), IGFBP-1 mRNA(r = .43), IGFBP-1/2 (r = .41), and IGFBP-4 levels (r = .40). These results demonstrate hyperfiltration within 3 days of diabetes and a similar response in the IGF-I system in mildly and severely hypoinsulinemic rats; however, renomegaly develops slower in mildly diabetic rats at least partly due to delayed changes in the renal IGF and IGF BPs.