Birgitte Nielsen, Henning Grønbæk, Ruth Østerby, Allan Flyvbjerg, "Effect of Combination Therapy with a Calcium Channel Blocker and an Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor on Renal Hypertrophy and Urinary Albumin Excretion in Diabetic Rats", Journal of Diabetes Research, vol. 4, Article ID 927174, 9 pages, 2003. https://doi.org/10.1155/EDR.2003.191
Effect of Combination Therapy with a Calcium Channel Blocker and an Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor on Renal Hypertrophy and Urinary Albumin Excretion in Diabetic Rats
The objective of this study was to compare the effect of an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor and a calcium channel blocker on the development of renal changes in diabetic rats. Diabetes was induced by an intravenous injection of streptozotocin in normotensive Wistar rats. Treatment was commenced immediately in 1 set of rats with 4 treatment arms: nitrendipine (250 mg/kg fodder), enalapril (35 mg/L drinking water), both treatments in combination, or placebo. Treatment was continued for 9 weeks. Another set of rats was left with untreated diabetes for 3 months followed by 7 weeks treatment as above. When starting treatment right after induction of diabetes, nitrendipine significantly reduced urinary albumin excretion (UAE) to the nondiabetic level (P < .05) without reducing blood pressure (BP), whereas enalapril failed to significantly reduce UAE despite a reduction in BP. Combining the two treatments showed no further reduction in UAE compared to monotherapy with nitrendipine, despite a lower BP. When leaving diabetic rats untreated for 3 months, only the coadministration of nitrendipine and enalapril showed a significant reduction in UAE compared to monotherapy and placebo treatment, but showed no significant effect on BP.
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