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Experimental Diabesity Research
Volume 5 (2004), Issue 4, Pages 257-263
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15438600490905169

Role of Glucose in IRS Signaling in Rat Pancreatic Islets: Specific Effects and Interplay with Insulin

1Laboratoire de Physiopathologie de la Nutrition, Université Paris 7, Paris, France
2Physiologie et Endocrinologie Cellulaire et Moléculaire Rénale, INSERM U356, Paris, France
3IDRS, 11, rue des Moulineaux, Suresnes 92150, France

Copyright © 2004 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We investigated the possible interplay between insulin and glucose signaling pathways in rat pancreatic β-cell with a special focus on the role of glucose in IRS signaling in vivo. Three groups of rats were constituted by combining simultaneous infusion during 48 h either of glucose and/or insulin, or glucose+diazoxide: Hyperglycemic- Hyperinsulinemic (HGHI), euglycemic-Hyperinsulinemic (eGHI), Hyperglycemic-euinsulinemic (HGeI). Control rats were infused with 0,9% NaCl. In HGHI and HGeI rats plasma glucose levels were maintained at 20-22 mmol/l. In eGHI rats, plasma glucose was not different from that of controls, whereas plasma insulin was much higher than in controls. In HGHI rats, IRS-2 mRNA expression, total protein and phosphorylated protein amounts were increased compared to controls. In HGeI rats, only IRS-2 mRNA expression was increased. No change was observed in eGHI rats whatever the parameter considered. In all groups, mRNA concentration of IRS-1 was similar to that of controls. The quantity of total and phosphorylated IRS- 1 protein was dramatically increased in HGHI rats and to a lesser extent in eGHI rats. Neither mRNA nor IRS-1 protein expression were modified in HGeI rats. The data suggest that glucose and insulin play at once a specific and a complementary role in islet IRSs signaling. Especially, glucose stimulates IRS-2 mRNA expression whatever the insulin status and independently of the secretory process. The differential regulation of IRS-1 and IRS-2 expressions is in agreement with their supposed different involvement in the control of β-cell growth and function.