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Journal of Diabetes Research
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 138412, 8 pages
Review Article

Rodent Models for Investigating the Dysregulation of Immune Responses in Type 1 Diabetes

1Department and Graduate Institute of Microbiology and Immunology, National Defense Medical Center, R8324, 161, Section 6, MinChuan East Road, Neihu, Taipei 114, Taiwan
2Department of Pediatrics, Tri-Service General Hospital, 325, Section 2, Chenggong Road, Neihu, Taipei 114, Taiwan
3Laboratory Animal Center, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei 114, Taiwan

Received 23 December 2012; Accepted 7 February 2013

Academic Editor: Norihide Yokoi

Copyright © 2013 Feng-Cheng Chou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease mediated by T cells that selectively destroy the insulin-producing β cells. Previous reports based on epidemiological and animal studies have demonstrated that both genetic factors and environmental parameters can either promote or attenuate the progression of autoimmunity. In recent decades, several inbred rodent strains that spontaneously develop diabetes have been applied to the investigation of the pathogenesis of T1D. Because the genetic manipulation of mice is well developed (transgenic, knockout, and conditional knockout/transgenic), most studies are performed using the nonobese diabetic (NOD) mouse model. This paper will focus on the use of genetically manipulated NOD mice to explore the pathogenesis of T1D and to develop potential therapeutic approaches.