Journal of Diabetes Research / 2013 / Article / Tab 2

Clinical Study

Serum Concentrations of Transforming Growth Factor-Beta 1 in Predicting the Occurrence of Diabetic Retinopathy in Juvenile Patients with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Table 2

Serum TGF- 1 levels in T1DM patients and healthy controls.

Patients with T1DM and
NPDR (+)
Patients with T1DM and without
DR (−)
Healthy control subjectsStatistical significance

TGF- 1 (pg/mL)   

Data are presented as means ± SD.
Differences between juvenile patients with and without retinopathy.
Differences between juvenile patients without retinopathy and healthy control subjects.