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Journal of Diabetes Research
Volume 2013, Article ID 721493, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/721493
Research Article

Hypermethylation of the PRKCZ Gene in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Clinical Laboratory of Renmin Hospital, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Hubei University of Medicine, 39 Chaoyang Road, Shiyan, Hubei Province 442000, China

Received 7 November 2012; Accepted 21 February 2013

Academic Editor: Bernard Portha

Copyright © 2013 Li Zou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. To study the correlation between the methylation of protein kinase C epsilon zeta (PRKCZ) gene promoters and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods. The case-control method was implemented in 272 unrelated to one another cases in Shiyan People’s Hospital. Of those, 152 were diagnosed as T2DM cases, and the other 120 cases were healthy individuals visiting the hospital for a physical examination. The subjects were first divided into two groups: the T2DM group and the normal control (NC) group. Next, methylated DNA immunoprecipitation chip (MeDIP-chip) was used for detection. Bisulfite sequencing PCR (BSP) and gene sequencing were then performed to detect and analyze the correlation between PRKCZ gene promoter methylation and T2DM. Finally, Western blotting was applied to determine the serum level of PRKCZ. The data were then analyzed with the statistics analyzing software SPSS 17.0. Results. In contrast with cases in NC, T2DM patients showed a high level of methylation, with 7 of 9 CpG sites were shown to be methylated, whereas, in the control group, only one CpG site was found to be methylated. The methylated CpG sites for the two groups showed marked differences ( ). Additionally, the level of PRKCZ was decreased in T2DM subjects, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( ). Discussion. This study suggests that the PRKCZ gene is the hypermethylated gene of T2DM and the hypermethylation PRKCZ gene may be involved in the pathogenesis of T2DM.