Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Diabetes Research
Volume 2013, Article ID 797548, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/797548
Review Article

Advances in Murine Models of Diabetic Nephropathy

Department of Nephrology, The Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130041, China

Received 2 February 2013; Accepted 21 May 2013

Academic Editor: Shahidul Islam

Copyright © 2013 Li-li Kong et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the microvascular complications of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, which is also associated with a poor life expectancy of diabetic patients. However, the pathogenesis of DN is still unclear. Thus, it is of great use to establish appropriate animal models of DN for doing research on pathogenesis and developing novel therapeutic strategies. Although a large number of murine models of DN including artificially induced, spontaneous, and genetically engineered (knockout and transgenic) animal models have been developed, none of them develops renal changes sufficiently reflecting those seen in humans. Here we review the identified murine models of DN from the aspects of genetic background, type of diabetes, method of induction, gene deficiency, animal age and gender, kidney histopathology, and phenotypic alterations in the hope of enhancing our comprehension of genetic susceptibility and molecular mechanisms responsible for this disease and providing new clues as to how to choose appropriate animal models of DN.