Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Diabetes Research
Volume 2015, Article ID 362375, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/362375
Review Article

Population-Based Studies on the Epidemiology of Insulin Resistance in Children

1Department of Pediatrics, St. Antonius Hospital, P.O. Box 2500, 3430 EM Nieuwegein, Netherlands
2Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Clinical Pharmacology, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences (UIPS), Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80082, 3508 TB Utrecht, Netherlands
3Department of Clinical Pharmacy, St. Antonius Hospital, P.O. Box 2500, 3430 EM Nieuwegein, Netherlands

Received 6 February 2015; Revised 5 May 2015; Accepted 5 May 2015

Academic Editor: Joseph Fomusi Ndisang

Copyright © 2015 M. P. van der Aa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. C. Skinner and J. A. Skelton, “Prevalence and trends in obesity and severe obesity among children in the United States, 1999–2012,” JAMA Pediatrics, vol. 168, no. 6, pp. 561–566, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  2. WHO, “Childhood overweight and obesity,” http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/childhood/en/.
  3. NOO Data Fact Sheet Child Weight, 2012, http://www.noo.org.uk/uploads/doc/vid_16006_ChildWeightFactsheet-July2012.pdf.
  4. R. Lakshman, C. E. Elks, and K. K. Ong, “Childhood obesity,” Circulation, vol. 126, no. 14, pp. 1770–1779, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. de Onis, M. Blössner, and E. Borghi, “Global prevalence and trends of overweight and obesity among preschool children,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 92, no. 5, pp. 1257–1264, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. L. Cruz, G. Q. Shaibi, M. J. Weigensberg, D. Spruijt-Metz, G. D. C. Ball, and M. I. Goran, “Pediatric obesity and insulin resistance: chronic disease risk and implications for treatment and prevention beyond body weight modification,” Annual Review of Nutrition, vol. 25, pp. 435–468, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. Weiss, J. Dziura, T. S. Burgert et al., “Obesity and the metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 350, no. 23, pp. 2362–2374, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. K. L. Ode, B. I. Frohnert, and B. M. Nathan, “Identification and treatment of metabolic complications in pediatric obesity,” Reviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 167–188, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. E. Ingelsson, J. Sundström, J. Ärnlöv, B. Zethelius, and L. Lind, “Insulin resistance and risk of congestive heart failure,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 294, no. 3, pp. 334–341, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. H. Saely, S. Aczel, T. Marte, P. Langer, G. Hoefle, and H. Drexel, “The metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, and cardiovascular risk in diabetic and nondiabetic patients,” The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, vol. 90, no. 10, pp. 5698–5703, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. J. Quiñones, M. Hernandez-Pampaloni, H. Schelbert et al., “Coronary vasomotor abnormalities in insulin-resistant individuals,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 140, no. 9, pp. 700–708, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. F. Bacha, R. Saad, N. Gungor, and S. A. Arslanian, “Are obesity-related metabolic risk factors modulated by the degree of insulin resistance in adolescents?” Diabetes Care, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 1599–1604, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. G. Bocca, E. C. Ongering, R. P. Stolk, and P. J. J. Sauer, “Insulin resistance and cardiovascular risk factors in 3- to 5-year-old overweight or obese children,” Hormone Research in Paediatrics, vol. 80, no. 3, pp. 201–206, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Q. Wang, J. Yin, L. Xu et al., “Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in a cohort of Chinese schoolchildren: comparison of two definitions and assessment of adipokines as components by factor analysis,” BMC Public Health, vol. 13, no. 1, article 249, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. I. Aldhoon-Hainerová, H. Zamrazilová, L. Dušátková et al., “Glucose homeostasis and insulin resistance: prevalence, gender differences and predictors in adolescents,” Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome, vol. 6, no. 1, article 100, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. O. Androutsos, G. Moschonis, C. Mavrogianni et al., “Identification of lifestyle patterns, including sleep deprivation, associated with insulin resistance in children: the Healthy Growth Study,” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 344–349, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. G. A. Bonneau, W. R. Pedrozo, M. S. Castillo Rascoń, and A. L. Albrekt, “Prevalence of insulin resistance in adolescents in the city of Posadas. Recommended diagnostic criteria,” Revista Argentina de Endocrinologia y Metabolismo, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 78–86, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. N. Budak, A. Öztürk, M. Mazicioglu, C. Yazici, F. Bayram, and S. Kurtoglu, “Decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and insulin resistance were the most common criteria in 12- to 19-year-old adolescents,” European Journal of Nutrition, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 219–225, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. G. C. Cardoso-Saldaña, L. Yamamoto-Kimura, A. Medina-Urrutia, R. Posadas-Sánchez, N. A. Caracas-Portilla, and C. Posadas-Romero, “Obesity or overweight and metabolic syndrome in Mexico City teenagers,” Archivos de Cardiologia de Mexico, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 12–18, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. C. A. Caserta, G. M. Pendino, S. Alicante et al., “Body mass index, cardiovascular risk factors, and carotid intima-media thickness in a pediatric population in Southern Italy,” Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 216–220, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. C. Fujii and H. Sakakibara, “Association between insulin resistance, cardiovascular risk factors and overweight in Japanese schoolchildren,” Obesity Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. e1–e90, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. P. Hughes, D. K. Murdock, K. Olson et al., “School children have leading risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes: the Wausau SCHOOL project,” WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin, vol. 105, no. 5, pp. 32–39, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. Y. Manios, G. Moschonis, G. Kourlaba et al., “Prevalence and independent predictors of insulin resistance in children from Crete, Greece: the Children Study,” Diabetic Medicine, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 65–72, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. F. Mardones, P. Arnaiz, S. Barja et al., “Nutritional status, metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance in children from Santiago (Chile),” Nutricion Hospitalaria, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 1999–2005, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. Turchiano, V. Sweat, A. Fierman, and A. Convit, “Obesity, metabolic syndrome, and insulin resistance in urban high school students of minority race/ethnicity,” Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, vol. 166, no. 11, pp. 1030–1036, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. R. C. Bindler and K. B. Daratha, “Relationship of weight status and cardiometabolic outcomes for adolescents in the teams study,” Biological Research for Nursing, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 65–70, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. H. Ranjani, J. Sonya, R. M. Anjana, and V. Mohan, “Prevalence of glucose intolerance among children and adolescents in urban South India (ORANGE-2),” Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 13–19, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A. M. Grant, F. K. Taungapeau, K. A. McAuley et al., “Body mass index status is effective in identifying metabolic syndrome components and insulin resistance in Pacific Island teenagers living in New Zealand,” Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 511–516, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. E. Denney-Wilson, C. T. Cowell, A. D. Okely, L. L. Hardy, R. Aitken, and T. Dobbins, “Associations between insulin and glucose concentrations and anthropometric measures of fat mass in Australian adolescents,” BMC Pediatrics, vol. 10, article 58, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. N. K. Vikram, A. Misra, R. M. Pandey, K. Luthra, and S. P. Bhatt, “Distribution and cutoff points of fasting insulin in asian Indian adolescents and their association with metabolic syndrome,” The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India, vol. 56, pp. 949–954, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. N. K. Vikram, A. Misra, R. M. Pandey, K. Luthra, J. S. Wasir, and V. Dhingra, “Heterogeneous phenotypes of insulin resistance and its implications for defining metabolic syndrome in Asian Indian adolescents,” Atherosclerosis, vol. 186, no. 1, pp. 193–199, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. D. F. Stroup, J. A. Berlin, S. C. Morton et al., “Meta-analysis of observational studies in epidemiology: a proposal for reporting,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 283, no. 15, pp. 2008–2012, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. S. Fazeli Farsani, M. P. van der Aa, M. M. J. van der Vorst, C. A. J. Knibbe, and A. de Boer, “Global trends in the incidence and prevalence of type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents: a systematic review and evaluation of methodological approaches,” Diabetologia, vol. 56, no. 7, pp. 1471–1488, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. V. Hirschler, G. Maccallini, C. Karam, C. Gonzalez, and C. Aranda, “Are girls more insulin-resistant than boys?” Clinical Biochemistry, vol. 42, no. 10-11, pp. 1051–1056, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. A. Moran, D. R. Jacobs Jr., J. Steinberger et al., “Insulin resistance during puberty: results from clamp studies in 357 children,” Diabetes, vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 2039–2044, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. R. D. Blondell, M. B. Foster, and K. C. Dave, “Disorders of puberty,” The American Family Physician, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 209–218, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. G. D'Annunzio, M. Vanelli, A. Pistorio et al., “Insulin resistance and secretion indexes in healthy Italian children and adolescents: a multicentre study,” Acta Biomedica de l'Ateneo Parmense, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 21–28, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus