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Journal of Diabetes Research
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 370753, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/370753
Research Article

Overweight and Obesity Based on Four Reference Systems in 18,382 Paediatric Patients with Type 1 Diabetes from Germany and Austria

1Institute of Epidemiology and Medical Biometry, ZIBMT, University of Ulm, 89081 Ulm, Germany
2German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD), 85764 Neuherberg, Germany
3Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, University Hospital Freiburg, 79106 Freiburg, Germany
4Department of Paediatrics, Medical University of Graz, 8036 Graz, Austria
5Hospital for Children and Adolescents, University of Leipzig, 04317 Leipzig, Germany
6Department of General Pediatrics, Neonatology and Pediatric Cardiology, University Children’s Hospital, 40225 Düsseldorf, Germany
7Institute of Biometrics and Epidemiology, German Diabetes Center, Leibniz Center at University of Düsseldorf, 40225 Düsseldorf, Germany
8Rehabilitation Clinic for Children and Adolescents, Westerland, 25980 Sylt, Germany

Received 28 November 2014; Revised 2 May 2015; Accepted 5 May 2015

Academic Editor: Raffaella Mastrocola

Copyright © 2015 M. Flechtner-Mors et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim. To evaluate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in paediatric type 1 diabetes (T1D) subjects, based on four commonly used reference populations. Methods. Using WHO, IOTF, AGA (German pediatric obesity), and KiGGS (German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents) reference populations, prevalence of overweight (≥90th percentile) and obesity (≥97th percentile) and time trend between 2000 (n = 9,461) and 2013 (n = 18,382) were determined in 2–18-year-old T1D patients documented in the German/Austrian DPV database. Results. In 2000, the overweight prevalence was the highest according to IOTF (22.3%), followed by WHO (20.8%), AGA (15.5%), and KiGGS (9.4%). The respective rates in 2013 were IOTF (24.8%), WHO (22.9%), AGA (18.2%), and KiGGS (11.7%). Obesity prevalence in 2000 was the highest according to WHO (7.9%), followed by AGA (4.5%), IOTF (3.1%), and KiGGS (1.8%). In 2013, the respective rates were WHO (9.6%), AGA (6.2%), IOTF (4.5%), and KiGGS (2.6%). Overall, the prevalence of overweight and obesity increased from 2000 to 2006 (p < 0.001) but showed stabilization thereafter in girls and overweight in boys. Conclusion. Overweight and obesity prevalence in T1D subjects differs significantly if it is assessed by four separate reference populations. More detailed assessment of each child is required to determine obesity-related risks.