Table 2: Descriptive characteristics of individuals by ethnicity and T2D status.

VariablesHaitian AmericansAfrican Americans
Cases ()Controls () valueCases ()Controls () value

Age, yr.58.55 ± 10.1554.03 ± 11.050.00154.31 ± 10.0751.20 ± 8.650.022
Sex (male)48 (44)54 (46)0.48459 (48)61 (50)0.704
Waist circumference (cm)100.25 ± 12.1695.97 ± 12.720.019114.15 ± 18.12102.02 ± 14.98<0.001
BMI (kg/m2)29.50 ± 5.4528.96 ± 5.1570.62835.86 ± 8.2831.21 ± 6.77<0.001
Smoke (Yes)7 (6)5 (4)0.49044 (35)49 (40)0.532
Blood pressure (mm of Hg)
 SBP148.24 ± 25.76144.63 ± 26.2060.276140.85 ± 20.11133.15 ± 18.410.006
 DBP90.82 ± 13.2290.44 ± 13.550.85389.76 ± 11.5988.37 ± 12.970.399
Diabetes meds (Yes)98 (89)0 (0)NA96 (77)0 (0)NA

Note: values are unadjusted mean ± SD for continuous variables or (%) for categorical variables. Diabetes medication is only for cases. So statistical test is not necessary and the value is not available (NA). Cases: with T2D; controls: without T2D; BMI: body mass index; diabetes meds: diabetes medications; SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: diastolic blood pressure.