Journal of Diabetes Research / 2016 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Elevated Levels of Plasma IgA Autoantibodies against Oxidized LDL Found in Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy but Not in Nonproliferative Retinopathy

Table 2

Clinical characteristics of the diabetic retinopathy patients (DR) with diabetic macular edema (DME) or proliferative retinopathy (PDR). The data are expressed as mean (standard deviation (SD)) or (percent (%)).

DMEPDR

Age (years)63.6 (10.2)55.4 (15.1)<0.001
Gender0.272
 Women29 (44.6%)27 (35.5%)
 Men36 (55.4%)49 (64.5%)
BMI (kg/m2)30.1 (5.8)28.2 (5.6)0.057
Diabetes<0.001
  Type 118 (27.7%)46 (60.59%)
 Type 247 (72.3%)30 (39.5%)
 Duration22.1 (9.5)24.9 (10.2)0.095
BP systolic (mmHg)145.4 (24.1)152.2 (20.6)0.448
BP diastolic (mmHg)78.3 (7.1)83.9 (13.9)0.305
Nephropathy15 (23.8%)30 (42.9%)0.020
Neuropathy21 (33.9%)32 (46.4%)0.145
Hypertension54 (84.4%)55 (78.6%)0.389
Cholesterol (mMol)4.6 (1.1)4.7 (1.1)0.496
LDL (mMol)2.7 (0.9)2.8 (0.9)0.737
HDL (mMol)1.3 (0.3)1.3 (0.4)0.966
Triglycerides (mMol)1.5 (1.0)2.0 (1.7)0.086
Creatinine (μMol)91.6 (64.2)114.0 (103.7)0.124
Glucose (mMol)8.9 (3.9)9.3 (3.9)0.521
HbA1c (%)9.2 (2.1)9.1 (1.7)0.657

BMI: body mass index, BP: blood pressure, HbA1c: glycated hemoglobin, HDL: high-density lipoprotein, and LDL: low-density lipoprotein.