Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Diabetes Research
Volume 2016, Article ID 3159103, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3159103
Research Article

Low Self-Confidence and Diabetes Mismanagement in Youth with Type 1 Diabetes Mediate the Relationship between Behavioral Problems and Elevated HbA1c

1Department of Medical Psychology, VU University Medical Center, De Boelelaan 1117, 1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands
2EMGO+ Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, Netherlands
3Department of Pediatrics, VU Medical Center, De Boelelaan 1118, 1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands
4Department of Medical Psychology, Academic Medical Center (AMC), Meibergdreef 9, 1100 DD Amsterdam, Netherlands

Received 10 December 2014; Revised 6 May 2015; Accepted 7 May 2015

Academic Editor: S. K. Mattoo

Copyright © 2016 Minke M. A. Eilander et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. Dabadghao, S. Vidmar, and F. J. Cameron, “Deteriorating diabetic control through adolescence—do the origins lie in childhood?” Diabetic Medicine, vol. 18, no. 11, pp. 889–894, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. K. Luyckx and I. Seiffge-Krenke, “Continuity and change in glycemic control trajectories from adolescence to emerging adulthood: relationships with family climate and self-concept in type 1 diabetes,” Diabetes Care, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 797–801, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. K. S. Bryden, R. C. Peveler, A. Stein, A. Neil, R. A. Mayou, and D. B. Dunger, “Clinical and psychological course of diabetes from adolescence to young adulthood: a longitudinal cohort study,” Diabetes Care, vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 1536–1540, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. V. S. Helgeson, K. A. Reynolds, L. Siminerio, O. Escobar, and D. Becker, “Parent and adolescent distribution of responsibility for diabetes self-care: links to health outcomes,” Journal of Pediatric Psychology, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 497–508, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. B. J. Anderson, J. Brackett, J. Ho, and L. M. B. Laffel, “An office-based intervention to maintain parent-adolescent teamwork in diabetes management: impact on parent involvement, family conflict, and subsequent glycemic control,” Diabetes Care, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 713–721, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. G. N. Holmbeck, M. Abad, D. Friedman, and B. Jandasek, “Development and psychopathology in adolescents,” in Behavioral and Emotional Disorders in Adolescents: Nature, Assessment, and Treatment, D. A. Wolfe and E. J. Mash, Eds., pp. 21–55, Guilford Press, New York, NY, USA, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  7. C. Dantzer, J. Swendsen, S. Maurice-Tison, and R. Salamon, “Anxiety and depression in juvenile diabetes: a critical review,” Clinical Psychology Review, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 787–800, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. B. J. Blanz, B. S. Rensch-Riemann, D. I. Fritz-Sigmund, and M. H. Schmidt, “IDDM is a risk factor for adolescent psychiatric disorders,” Diabetes Care, vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 1579–1587, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. M. Lawrence, D. A. Standiford, B. Loots et al., “Prevalence and correlates of depressed mood among youth with diabetes: the SEARCH for diabetes in youth study,” Pediatrics, vol. 117, no. 4, pp. 1348–1358, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. K. Hassan, R. Loar, B. J. Anderson, and R. A. Heptulla, “The role of socioeconomic status, depression, quality of life, and glycemic control in type 1 diabetes mellitus,” Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 149, no. 4, pp. 526–531, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. E. A. Northam, L. K. Matthews, P. J. Anderson, F. J. Cameron, and G. A. Werther, “Psychiatric morbidity and health outcome in type 1 diabetes—Perspectives from a prospective longitudinal study,” Diabetic Medicine, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 152–157, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. D. C. Duke, G. R. Geffken, A. B. Lewin, L. B. Williams, E. A. Storch, and J. H. Silverstein, “Glycemic control in youth with type 1 diabetes: family predictors and mediators,” Journal of Pediatric Psychology, vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 719–727, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. D. M. Cohen, M. A. Lumley, S. Naar-King, T. Partridge, and N. Cakan, “Child behavior problems and family functioning as predictors of adherence and glycemic control in economically disadvantaged children with type 1 diabetes: a prospective study,” Journal of Pediatric Psychology, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 171–184, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. Kovacs, D. Charron-Prochownik, and D. S. Obrosky, “A longitudinal study of biomedical and psychosocial predictors of multiple hospitalizations among young people with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus,” Diabetic Medicine, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 142–148, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. C. M. McDonnell, E. A. Northam, S. M. Donath, G. A. Werther, and F. J. Cameron, “Hyperglycemia and externalizing behavior in children with type 1 diabetes,” Diabetes Care, vol. 30, no. 9, pp. 2211–2215, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. E. A. Northam, A. Lin, S. Finch, G. A. Werther, and F. J. Cameron, “Psychosocial well-being and functional outcomes in youth with type 1 diabetes 12 years after disease onset,” Diabetes Care, vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1430–1437, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. Carr, The Handbook of Child and Adolescent Clinical Psychology. A Contextual Approach, Routledge, London, UK, 2006.
  18. M. M. A. Eilander, M. de Wit, J. Rotteveel et al., “Diabetes IN development (DINO): the bio-psychosocial, family functioning and parental well-being of youth with T1D: a longitudinal cohort study design,” submitted to BMJ Paediatrics.
  19. B. M. van Widenfelt, A. W. Goedhart, P. D. A. Treffers, and R. Goodman, “Dutch version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ),” European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 281–289, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. R. Goodman, “The strengths and difficulties questionnaire: a research note,” Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 581–586, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. N. C. W. Van Der Ven, K. Weinger, J. Yi et al., “The confidence in diabetes self-care scale: psychometric properties of a new measure of diabetes-specific self-efficacy in Dutch and U.S. patients with type 1 diabetes,” Diabetes Care, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 713–718, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. Weissberg-Benchell, A. M. Glasgow, W. D. Tynan, P. Wirtz, J. Turek, and J. Ward, “Adolescent diabetes management and mismanagement,” Diabetes Care, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 77–82, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. J. Rewers, K. Pillay, C. de Beaufort et al., “Assessment and monitoring of glycemic control in children and adolescents with diabetes,” Pediatric Diabetes, vol. 15, supplement 20, pp. 102–114, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. K. J. Preacher and A. F. Hayes, “Asymptotic and resampling strategies for assessing and comparing indirect effects in multiple mediator models,” Behavior Research Methods, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 879–891, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. A. F. Hayes, Introduction to Mediation, Moderation, and Conditional Process Analysis, Guilford Press, New York, NY, USA, 2013.
  26. R. M. Baron and D. A. Kenny, “The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 1173–1182, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. A. F. Hayes, “Beyond Baron and Kenny: statistical mediation analysis in the new millennium,” Communication Monographs, vol. 76, no. 4, pp. 408–420, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. P. E. Shrout and N. Bolger, “Mediation in experimental and nonexperimental studies: new procedures and recommendations,” Psychological Methods, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 422–445, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. M. de Wit, H. A. D.-V. de Waal, J. A. Bokma et al., “Monitoring and discussing health-related quality of life in adolescents with type 1 diabetes improve psychosocial well-being: a randomized controlled trial,” Diabetes Care, vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 1521–1526, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. A. Jones, M. Vallis, and F. Pouwer, “If it does not significantly change HbA1c levels why should we waste time on it? A plea for the prioritization of psychological well-being in people with diabetes,” Diabetic Medicine, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 155–163, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. F. J. Cameron, D. Smidts, K. Hesketh, M. Wake, and E. A. Northamt, “Early detection of emotional and behavioural problems in children with diabetes: the validity of the Child Health Questionnaire as a screening instrument,” Diabetic Medicine, vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 646–650, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. Wake, K. Hesketh, and F. Cameron, “The Child Health Questionnaire in children with diabetes: cross-sectional survey of parent and adolescent-reported functional health status,” Diabetic Medicine, vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 700–707, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. M. Eilander, M. de Wit, J. Rotteveel, N. Maas-van Schaaijk, A. Roeleveld-Versteegh, and F. Snoek, “Implementation of quality of life monitoring in Dutch routine care of adolescents with type 1 diabetes: appreciated but difficult,” Pediatric Diabetes, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  34. L. A. Gonder-Frederick, D. J. Cox, S. A. Bobbitt, and J. W. Pennebaker, “Mood changes associated with blood glucose fluctuations in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus,” Health Psychology, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 45–59, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. N. L. Young, J. W. Varni, L. Snider et al., “The Internet is valid and reliable for child-report: an example using the Activities Scale for Kids (ASK) and the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL),” Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 314–320, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. J. W. Varni, C. A. Limbers, T. M. Burwinkle, W. P. Bryant, and D. P. Wilson, “The ePedsQL in type 1 and type 2 diabetes feasibility, reliability, and validity of the pediatric quality of life inventory internet administration,” Diabetes Care, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 672–677, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus