Table 1: Baseline characteristics of 162 patients with type 2 diabetes who had and did not have chronic kidney disease at baseline.

OverallChronic kidney disease at baseline values
()Present ()Absent ()

Male sex (, %)89, 5512, 4877, 560.45
Smokers (, %)53, 336, 2447, 30.30
Age (years)0.000
BMI (kg/m2)0.10
Waist circumference (cm)0.35
Duration of diabetes (years)0.02
Treatment of diabetes; diet/OHA/insulin (, %)53/81/28, 33/50/174/14/7, 16/56/2849/67/21, 36/49/150.10
Hypertension; CCB/RASi/diuretics (, %)56/68/7, 35/42/418/17/5, 72/68/2038/51/2, 28/37/10.000
HbA1c (%)0.25
Fasting PG (mg/dL)0.86
Postbreakfast PG (mg/dL)0.37
CV-HbA1c (%)0.96
Total cholesterol (mg/dL)0.012
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL)0.06
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)0.06
Fasting TG (mg/dL)0.06
Postbreakfast TG (mg/dL)0.06
Serum creatinine (mg/dL)0.000
eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2)0.000
ΔeGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2/year)0.93
Uric acid (mg/dL)0.03
Systolic BP (mmHg)0.20
CV-systolic BP (%)0.41
Diastolic BP (mmHg)0.02
Urinary ACR (mg/g)0.014
log ACR0.001
Leucocyte count (103/μL)0.19
Maximum IMT (mm)0.14
Mean IMT (mm)0.26
ACR ≥ 30 mg/g (, %)53, 3312, 4841, 300.08

Mean ± SD or , %. OHA; oral hypoglycemic agents, CCB; calcium channel blockers, RASi; renin-angiotensin system inhibitors, PG; plasma glucose, CV; coefficient of variation, eGFR; estimated glomerular filtration rate, eGFR; annual changes in eGFR, BP; blood pressure, ACR; albumin/creatinine ratio, IMT; intima-media thickness, , , and .