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Journal of Diabetes Research
Volume 2016, Article ID 5479216, 6 pages
Research Article

Psychometric Properties of a Moroccan Version of the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities Measure

1Clinical Research Unit, Mohammed VI University Hospital, 40000 Marrakech, Morocco
2Community Medicine and Public Health Department, School of Medicine, Cadi Ayyad University, Sidi Abbad, 40000 Marrakech, Morocco
3Research Laboratory, PCIME, Cadi Ayyad University, 40000 Marrakech, Morocco

Received 8 September 2015; Revised 19 November 2015; Accepted 23 November 2015

Academic Editor: Daisuke Yabe

Copyright © 2016 Latifa Adarmouch et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. The Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities (SDSCA) is a widely used self-report measure for diabetes self-management. It is an interesting tool for practice and research. Objectives. To translate and culturally adapt the SDSCA to the Moroccan context and to assess psychometric properties of the adapted version among type 2 diabetic patients. Methods. The Moroccan version was obtained following forward and backward translations. An expert panel issued a final version. The adapted version was administered to patients aged 30 years and older who have type 2 diabetes. Psychometric evaluation consisted of assessing validity through internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha, item-to-scale and interitem correlations) and exploratory factor analysis and reproducibility (test-retest reliability). Results. Seventy-five participants were included. Cronbach’s alpha ranged from 0.20 (diet) to 0.99 (exercise). Moderate to good interitem and item-to-scale correlations were found. Factor analysis resulted in a Moroccan SDSCA version consisting of 8 items, organized in four subscales that explained 89.6% of the variance: diet, exercise, blood sugar testing, and foot-care. Intraclass correlations ranged from 0.27 to 0.52 for subscales. Conclusion. This study provides preliminary evidence for suitability of use of the Moroccan SDSCA among type 2 diabetic patients in order to assess diabetes self-management.