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Journal of Diabetes Research
Volume 2016, Article ID 7586385, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7586385
Research Article

The Design, Usability, and Feasibility of a Family-Focused Diabetes Self-Care Support mHealth Intervention for Diverse, Low-Income Adults with Type 2 Diabetes

1Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA
2Center for Health Behavior and Health Education, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA
3Department of Psychology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
4Department of Biomedical Informatics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA

Received 21 July 2016; Accepted 4 September 2016

Academic Editor: Shari Bolen

Copyright © 2016 Lindsay Satterwhite Mayberry et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Family members’ helpful and harmful actions affect adherence to self-care and glycemic control among adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and low socioeconomic status. Few family interventions for adults with T2D address harmful actions or use text messages to reach family members. Through user-centered design and iterative usability/feasibility testing, we developed a mHealth intervention for disadvantaged adults with T2D called FAMS. FAMS delivers phone coaching to set self-care goals and improve patient participant’s (PP) ability to identify and address family actions that support/impede self-care. PPs receive text message support and can choose to invite a support person (SP) to receive text messages. We recruited 19 adults with T2D from three Federally Qualified Health Centers to use FAMS for two weeks and complete a feedback interview. Coach-reported data captured coaching success, technical data captured user engagement, and PP/SP interviews captured the FAMS experience. PPs were predominantly African American, 83% had incomes <$35,000, and 26% were married. Most SPs () were spouses/partners or adult children. PPs reported FAMS increased self-care and both PPs and SPs reported FAMS improved support for and communication about diabetes. FAMS is usable and feasible and appears to help patients manage self-care support, although some PPs may not have a SP.