Journal of Diabetes Research / 2016 / Article / Tab 6

Research Article

Knowledge and Lifestyle-Associated Prevalence of Obesity among Newly Diagnosed Type II Diabetes Mellitus Patients Attending Diabetic Clinic at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana: A Hospital-Based Cross-Sectional Study

Table 6

Association between lifestyle characteristic and obesity using BMI as an indicator.

Lifestyle BMIχ2, df ( value)
UnderweightNormalOverweightObese
= 76 = 258 = 125 = 84

Snack in between meals30.13, 3 (<0.0001)
 Yes ( = 95)8 (8.3%)40 (41.7%)16 (16.7%)31 (33.3%)
 No ( = 448)69 (15.3%)238 (53.1%)92 (20.5%)49 (11.0%)
Taking meals late at night23.39, 3 (<0.0001)
 Yes ( = 76)12 (15.8%)32 (42.1%)8 (10.5%)24 (31.5%)
 No ( = 467)64 (13.8%)228 (48.8%)118 (25.2%)57 (12.2%)
Regular exercise43.60, 3 (<0.0001)
 Yes ( = 133)15 (11.4%)95 (71.4%)15 (11.4%)7 (5.4%)
 No ( = 410)61 (14.8%)163 (39.8%)110 (26.9%)72 (17.6%)
Fast food intake3.074, 3 (0.3804)
 Yes ( = 220)30 (13.8%)113 (51.7%)46 (20.7%)38 (17.2%)
 No ( = 323)45 (14.1%)144 (44.7%)80 (24.7%)42 (12.9%)
Alcohol intake51.08, 3 (<0.0001)
 Yes ( = 15)11 (75.0%)0 (0)0 (0)4 (25.0%)
 No ( = 523)64 (12.2%)256 (48.9%)124 (23.7%)75 (14.4%)

Values are presented in frequency with percentages in parenthesis. BMI: body mass index.