Table 1: Descriptive characteristics of women at baseline stratified by glycaemic status (NFG = normal fasting glucose, IFG = impaired fasting glucose, and diabetes). Data are shown as median (interquartile range) or n (%).

NFG ()IFG ()Diabetes () value

Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/L)5.0 (4.8, 5.2)5.7 (5.6, 5.9)8.1 (6.6, 11.1)<0.001
Age (years)42.1 (31.1, 42.1)56.8 (44, 64.4)65.2 (59.8, 75.3)<0.001
Weight (kg)63.8 (57.3, 72.8)69.5 (61.1, 80.8)71.5 (60.8, 83.2)<0.001
Height (cm)161.8 (157.9, 166.1)160.5 (156.5, 165.3)157.0 (153.0, 161.8)<0.001
BMI (kg/m2)24.5 (22, 27.7)26.9 (23.9, 31.4)30.0 (25.6, 33.3)<0.001
BMI ≥ 30 (kg/m2)104 (14.9)124 (31.4)38 (49.4)<0.001
Body fat %36.2 (30.6, 42.4)41.0 (36.0, 45.7)41.3 (37.1, 45.9)<0.001
Body fat % > 30%534 (76.7)363 (91.9)66 (85.7)<0.001
Waist circumference (cm)79.0 (72.5, 87.4)87.0 (78.6, 96.5)96.4 (87.1, 104.6)<0.001
Hip circumference (cm)101.2 (96.2, 108.3)106.3 (99.3, 106.3)108.7 (98.9, 119.8)<0.001
Waist-to-hip ratio0.78 (0.74, 0.83)0.82 (0.77, 0.86)0.88 (0.84, 0.91)<0.001
Waist-to-height ratio0.49 (0.44, 0.55)0.54 (0.49, 0.6)0.62 (0.56, 0.67)<0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)114 (104, 128)128 (115, 140)141 (126.3, 163.5)<0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)74 (66, 82)79 (71, 86)78.5 (73, 92.8)<0.001
Hypertension (%)¥184 (26.4)181 (45.8)62 (81.6)<0.001
Body fat mass (kg)23.0 (17.5, 30.3)28.0 (22.1, 36.2)29.5 (21, 37.1)<0.001
Lean mass (kg)38.4 (35.9, 41.3)38.6 (35.4, 42.2)38.7 (36.1, 41.9)0.7
Serum triglycerides (mmol/L)0.94 (0.69, 1.36)1.26 (0.89, 1.71)2.01 (1.38, 2.42)<0.001
Serum HDL cholesterol (mmol/L)1.23 (1.02, 1.49)1.20 (0.95, 1.45)0.98 (0.84, 1.26)<0.001
Serum LDL cholesterol (mmol/L)2.71 (2.20, 3.36)3.13 (2.55, 3.92)2.96 (2.23, 3.44)<0.001
Current smoker120 (17.1)56 (14.2)13 (17.1)0.4
High alcohol consumption115 (16.5)89 (22.5)6 (7.9)0.003
Physically inactive146 (21)127 (32.2)47 (61.8)<0.001
Metabolic syndrome (%)150 (21.6)154 (39.0)52 (68.4)<0.001
Mortality#87 (12.5)89 (22.5)41 (53.9)<0.001
Person years of follow-up42856.6328333.586013.39

indicates missing data: fasting plasma glucose and blood pressure ; body fat and lean mass ; percentage body fat ; waist and hip circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, and waist-to-height ratio ; serum triglycerides ; serum HDL cholesterol ; serum LDL cholesterol ; metabolic syndrome . ¥ indicates that hypertensive (y/n) was considered if the participant had a systolic blood pressure > 140 mmHg and/or a diastolic pressure > 90 mmHg and/or use of antihypertensive medication. † indicates metabolic syndrome excluding fasting plasma glucose. # indicates unadjusted mortality.