Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Diabetes Research
Volume 2017, Article ID 5612049, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5612049
Research Article

Decreased Cardiovascular Risk after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery in Chinese Diabetic Patients with Obesity

1Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin Province 130021, China
2Jilin Province People’s Hospital, Changchun, Jilin Province 130021, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Xiaokun Gang; moc.621@lufthgisni and Guixia Wang; nc.ude.ulj@861gnawg

Received 18 December 2016; Accepted 5 June 2017; Published 4 July 2017

Academic Editor: Alfredo Vannacci

Copyright © 2017 Xue Zhao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. W. Yang, J. Lu, J. Weng et al., “Prevalence of diabetes among men and women in China,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 362, no. 12, pp. 1090–1101, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. G. Kranenburg, Y. van der Graaf, J. van der Leeuw et al., “The relation between HbA1c and cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes with and without vascular disease,” Diabetes Care, vol. 38, no. 10, pp. 1930–1936, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. W. D. Strain and C. Smith, “Cardiovascular outcome studies in diabetes: how do we make sense of these new data?” Diabetes Therapy, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 175–185, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. P. Sanchis, C. Frances, J. Nicolau et al., “Cardiovascular risk profile in Mediterranean patients submitted to bariatric surgery and intensive lifestyle intervention: impact of both interventions after 1 year of follow-up,” Obesity Surgery, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 97–108, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  5. C. A. Dow, C. A. Thomson, S. W. Flatt, N. E. Sherwood, B. Pakiz, and C. L. Rock, “Predictors of improvement in cardiometabolic risk factors with weight loss in women,” Journal of the American Heart Association, vol. 2, no. 6, article e000152, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. N. De La Cruz-Muñoz, G. Lopez-Mitnik, K. L. Arheart et al., “Reduction in cardiometabolic disease risk following gastric bypass surgery among Hispanic adults,” Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 262–266, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. L. Sjöström, A.-K. Lindroos, M. Peltonen et al., “Lifestyle, diabetes, and cardiovascular risk factors 10 years after bariatric surgery,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 351, no. 26, pp. 2683–2693, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. R. J. Stevens, V. Kothari, A. I. Adler, I. M. Stratton, and R. R. Holman, “The UKPDS risk engine: a model for the risk of coronary heart disease in type II diabetes (UKPDS 56),” Clinical Science, vol. 101, no. 6, pp. 671–679, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. P. W. Wilson, R. B. D'Agostino, D. Levy, A. M. Belanger, H. Silbershatz, and W. B. Kannel, “Prediction of coronary heart disease using risk factor categories,” Circulation, vol. 97, no. 18, pp. 1837–1847, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. B. F. Zhou, “Effect of body mass index on all-cause mortality and incidence of cardiovascular diseases—report for meta-analysis of prospective studies on optimal cut-off points of body mass index in Chinese adults,” Biomedical & Environmental Sciences, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 245–252, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  11. Joint Committee for Developing Chinese guidelines on Prevention and Treatment of Dyslipidemia in Adults, “Chinese guidelines on prevention and treatment of dyslipidemia in adults,” Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 390–419, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  12. J. B. Buse, S. Caprio, W. T. Cefalu et al., “How do we define cure of diabetes?” Diabetes Care, vol. 32, no. 11, pp. 2133–2135, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. Y. Song, J. E. Manson, L. Tinker et al., “Insulin sensitivity and insulin secretion determined by homeostasis model assessment and risk of diabetes in a multiethnic cohort of women: the Women’s Health Initiative Observational Study,” Diabetes Care, vol. 30, no. 7, pp. 1747–1752, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. Nora, M. Guimaraes, R. Almeida et al., “Metabolic laparoscopic gastric bypass for obese patients with type 2 diabetes,” Obesity Surgery, vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 1643–1649, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. DiGiorgi, D. J. Rosen, J. J. Choi et al., “Re-emergence of diabetes after gastric bypass in patients with mid- to long-term follow-up,” Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases : Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 249–253, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. American Diabetes A, “Standards of medical care in diabetes—2011,” Diabetes Care, vol. 34, Supplement 1, pp. S11–S61, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  17. N. Hamza, M. H. Abbas, A. Darwish, Z. Shafeek, J. New, and B. J. Ammori, “Predictors of remission of type 2 diabetes mellitus after laparoscopic gastric banding and bypass,” Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 691–696, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. C. W. Roux, A. SJB, R. L. Batterham et al., “Gut hormone profiles following bariatric surgery favor an anorectic state, facilitate weight loss, and improve metabolic parameters,” Annals of Surgery, vol. 243, no. 1, pp. 108–114, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. K. K. Ryan, V. Tremaroli, C. Clemmensen et al., “FXR is a molecular target for the effects of vertical sleeve gastrectomy,” Nature, vol. 509, no. 7499, pp. 183–188, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. H. Zhang, Y. Pu, J. Chen et al., “Gastrointestinal intervention ameliorates high blood pressure through antagonizing overdrive of the sympathetic nerve in hypertensive patients and rats,” Journal of the American Heart Association: Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease, vol. 3, no. 5, article e000929, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. L. D. van Schinkel, M. A. Sleddering, M. A. Lips et al., “Effects of bariatric surgery on pericardial ectopic fat depositions and cardiovascular function,” Clinical Endocrinology, vol. 81, no. 5, pp. 689–695, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S. M. Haffner, R. A. Valdez, H. P. Hazuda, B. D. Mitchell, P. A. Morales, and M. P. Stern, “Prospective analysis of the insulin-resistance syndrome (syndrome X),” Diabetes, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 715–722, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. R. Burrows, P. Correa-Burrows, M. Reyes, E. Blanco, C. Albala, and S. Gahagan, “Healthy Chilean adolescents with HOMA-IR ≥ 2.6 have increased cardiometabolic risk: association with genetic, biological, and environmental factors,” Journal of Diabetes Research, vol. 2015, p. 783296, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. I. I. Sakou, “Insulin resistance and cardiometabolic risk factors in obese children and adolescents: a hierarchical approach,” Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism, vol. 28, pp. 589–596, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. E. Lin, Z. Liang, J. Frediani et al., “Improvement in β-cell function in patients with normal and hyperglycemia following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery,” American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 299, no. 5, pp. E706–E712, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  26. S. Camastra, A. Gastaldelli, A. Mari et al., “Early and longer term effects of gastric bypass surgery on tissue-specific insulin sensitivity and beta cell function in morbidly obese patients with and without type 2 diabetes,” Diabetologia, vol. 54, no. 8, pp. 2093–2102, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. T. D. Adams, R. E. Gress, S. C. Smith et al., “Long-term mortality after gastric bypass surgery,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 357, no. 8, pp. 753–761, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. L. Sjöström, M. Peltonen, P. Jacobson et al., “Bariatric surgery and long-term cardiovascular events,” Jama, vol. 307, no. 1, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. P. R. Schauer, D. L. Bhatt, J. P. Kirwan et al., “Bariatric surgery versus intensive medical therapy for diabetes—3-year outcomes,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 370, no. 21, pp. 2002–2013, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. P. Brindle, A. Beswick, T. Fahey, and S. Ebrahim, “Accuracy and impact of risk assessment in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease: a systematic review,” Heart, vol. 92, no. 12, pp. 1752–1759, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. R. V. Cohen, J. C. Pinheiro, C. A. Schiavon, J. E. Salles, B. L. Wajchenberg, and D. E. Cummings, “Effects of gastric bypass surgery in patients with type 2 diabetes and only mild obesity,” Diabetes Care, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 1420–1428, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. S. S. Shah, J. S. Todkar, P. S. Shah, and D. E. Cummings, “Diabetes remission and reduced cardiovascular risk after gastric bypass in Asian Indians with body mass index <35 kg/m2,” Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases : Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 332–338, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. A. Torquati, K. Wright, W. Melvin, and W. Richards, “Effect of gastric bypass operation on Framingham and actual risk of cardiovascular events in class II to III obesity,” Journal of the American College of Surgeons, vol. 204, no. 5, pp. 776–782, 2007, discussion 782-773. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. D. Arterburn, D. P. Schauer, R. E. Wise et al., “Change in predicted 10-year cardiovascular risk following laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery,” Obesity Surgery, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 184–189, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus