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Journal of Diabetes Research
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 8756978, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8756978
Research Article

Alcohol Consumption Is a Risk Factor for Lower Extremity Arterial Disease in Chinese Patients with T2DM

1Institute of Geriatrics, Beijing Key Laboratory of Ageing and Geriatrics, State Key Laboratory of Kidney Disease, Chinese PLA General Hospital, 28 Fuxing Road, Beijing 100853, China
2Jinan Military Area CDC, Jinan, Shandong 250014, China
3Department of Nephrology and Endocrinology, PLA 148th Hospital, Zibo 255300, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Zhengguo Yang

Received 7 March 2017; Revised 22 May 2017; Accepted 28 May 2017; Published 6 July 2017

Academic Editor: Nikolaos Papanas

Copyright © 2017 Shanshan Yang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To investigate the relationship between alcohol consumption and diabetic lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD) in hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods. We evaluated 138 hospitalized patients with T2DM who consumed alcohol and 833 who did not. We used propensity score matching to reduce the confounding bias between groups. Additionally, a logistic regression analysis was performed with the matched data to evaluate the LEAD risk. Results. In total, 119 pairs of patients who did and did not consume alcohol were matched. According to the logistic regression analysis, patients who consumed >8 U of alcohol/day had a higher risk of LEAD (odds ratio (OR): 6.35, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.78–22.65) than patients who did not consume alcohol. Additionally, after adjusting for age, gender, region, occupation, smoking status, body mass index, weight change, and duration of diabetes, the OR of peripheral artery disease after >20 years of alcohol consumption was 3.48 (95% CI: 1.09–11.15). Furthermore, we observed a significant dose-response relationship between alcohol consumption and LEAD. Conclusions. Alcohol consumption may be a risk factor of LEAD in patients with T2DM. Patients with T2DM should be advised to stop drinking, to prevent the onset of LEAD.