Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Diabetes Research
Volume 2017, Article ID 9850398, 13 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9850398
Research Article

Lysosomal Exoglycosidase Profile and Secretory Function in the Salivary Glands of Rats with Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetes

1Department of Physiology, Medical University of Bialystok, 2c Mickiewicza Street, 15-233 Bialystok, Poland
2Department of Conservative Dentistry, Medical University of Bialystok, 24a M. Sklodowskiej-Curie Street, 15-274 Bialystok, Poland
3Department of Pedodontics, Medical University of Bialystok, 24a M. Sklodowskiej-Curie Street, 15-274 Bialystok, Poland
4Department of Cosmetology, Lomza State University of Applied Sciences, Akademicka 1 str, 18-400 Lomza, Poland
5Department of Experimental Pharmacology, Medical University of Bialystok, 37 Szpitalna Street, 15-767 Bialystok, Poland
6Department of Histology and Embryology, Medical University of Bialystok, 13 Waszyngtona Street, Bialystok, Poland
7Department of Emergency Medicine and Disasters, Medical University of Bialystok, 37 Szpitalna Street, 15-767 Bialystok, Poland

Correspondence should be addressed to Mateusz Maciejczyk; moc.liamg@kyzcjeicam.tam

Received 28 July 2017; Revised 6 November 2017; Accepted 23 November 2017; Published 31 December 2017

Academic Editor: Janet H. Southerland

Copyright © 2017 Mateusz Maciejczyk et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. E. Regnell and Å. Lernmark, “Early prediction of autoimmune (type 1) diabetes,” Diabetologia, vol. 60, no. 8, pp. 1370–1381, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. A. Zalewska, M. Knaś, M. Maciejczyk et al., “Antioxidant profile, carbonyl and lipid oxidation markers in the parotid and submandibular glands of rats in different periods of streptozotocin induced diabetes,” Archives of Oral Biology, vol. 60, no. 9, pp. 1375–1386, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. Y. Al-Maskari, M. Y. Al-Maskari, and S. Al-Sudairy, “Oral manifestations and complications of diabetes mellitus: a review,” Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal, vol. 11, pp. 179–186, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  4. W. J. Teeuw, V. E. A. Gerdes, and B. G. Loos, “Effect of periodontal treatment on glycemic control of diabetic patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” Diabetes Care, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 421–427, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. Zalewska, K. Zwierz, K. Zółkowski, and A. Gindzieński, “Structure and biosynthesis of human salivary mucins,” Acta Biochimica Polonica, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 1067–1079, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  6. M. J. Levine, M. S. Reddy, L. A. Tabak et al., “Structural aspects of salivary glycoproteins,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 436–441, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. P. K. Shetty and T. N. Pattabiraman, “Salivary glycoproteins as indicators of oral diseases,” Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 97–101, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. E. S. Frenkel and K. Ribbeck, “Salivary mucins in host defense and disease prevention,” Journal of Oral Microbiology, vol. 7, pp. 1–9, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. M. Maciejczyk, A. Pietrzykowska, A. Zalewska, M. Knaś, and I. Daniszewska, “The significance of matrix metalloproteinases in oral diseases,” Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 383–390, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Chojnowska, A. Zalewska, M. Knaś et al., “Determination of lysosomal exoglycosidases in human saliva,” Acta Biochimica Polonica, vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 85–90, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  11. S. Chojnowska, A. Kępka, S. D. Szajda, N. Waszkiewicz, M. Bierć, and K. Zwierz, “Exoglycosidase markers of diseases,” Biochemical Society Transactions, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 406–409, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. Bierc, L. Minarowski, L. Woźniak et al., “The activity of selected glycosidases in salivary gland tumors,” Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 471–474, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. N. Waszkiewicz, S. D. Szajda, A. Jankowska et al., “The effect of acute ethanol intoxication on salivary proteins of innate and adaptive immunity,” Alcoholism, Clinical & Experimental Research, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 652–656, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. Pietruska, A. Bernaczyk, M. Knaś, J. Pietruski, and K. Zwierz, “Assessment of salivary levels of the chosen exoglycosidases in patients with aggressive periodontitis after treatment with doxycycline,” Advances in Medical Sciences, vol. 51, Supplement 1, pp. 158–161, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  15. P. Wielgat, U. Walczuk, S. Szajda et al., “Activity of lysosomal exoglycosidases in human gliomas,” Journal of Neuro-Oncology, vol. 80, no. 3, pp. 243–249, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. M. Tomasiak, M. Tomasiak, Z. Zietkowski, R. Skiepko, and A. Bodzenta-Lukaszyk, “N-acetyl-beta-hexosaminidase activity in asthma,” International Archives of Allergy and Immunology, vol. 146, no. 2, pp. 133–137, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. N. Waszkiewicz, S. Chojnowska, A. Zalewska, K. Zwierz, A. Szulc, and S. D. Szajda, “Salivary exoglycosidases as markers of alcohol dependence,” Alcohol and Alcoholism, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 409–416, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. N. Waszkiewicz, E. M. Kratz, S. Chojnowska et al., “Long-term changes of salivary exoglycosidases and their applicability as chronic alcohol-drinking and dependence markers,” The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry, pp. 1–12, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. S. Pancewicz, J. Popko, R. Rutkowski et al., “Activity of lysosomal exoglycosidases in serum and synovial fluid in patients with chronic Lyme and rheumatoid arthritis,” Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 41, no. 8, pp. 584–589, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. Zalewska, J. Szulimowska, N. Waszkiewicz, D. Waszkiel, K. Zwierz, and M. Knaś, “Salivary exoglycosidases in the detection of early onset of salivary gland involvement in rheumatoid arthritis,” Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej, vol. 67, pp. 1182–1188, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. A. Zalewska, M. Knás, M. Niczyporuk et al., “Salivary lysosomal exoglycosidases profiles in patients with insulin-dependent and noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus,” Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 659–666, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  22. M. Knaś, K. Karaszewska, S. D. Szajda, W. Zarzycki, D. Dudzik, and K. Zwierz, “Saliva of patients with type 1 diabetes: effect of smoking on activity of lysosomal exoglycosidases,” Oral Diseases, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 278–282, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. B. Zalewska-Szajda, S. D. Szajda, N. Waszkiewicz et al., “Activity of N-acetyl-β-D-hexosaminidase in the saliva of children with type 1 diabetes,” Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej, vol. 67, pp. 996–999, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. N. Waszkiewicz, S. D. Szajda, A. Kepka, A. Szulc, and K. Zwierz, “Glycoconjugates in the detection of alcohol abuse,” Biochemical Society Transactions, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 365–369, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. N. Waszkiewicz, S. D. Szajda, A. Jankowska et al., “The effect of the binge drinking session on the activity of salivary, serum and urinary β-hexosaminidase: preliminary data,” Alcohol and Alcoholism, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 446–450, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. U. Kołodziej, M. Maciejczyk, A. Miąsko et al., “Oxidative modification in the salivary glands of high fat-diet induced insulin resistant rats,” Frontiers in Physiology, vol. 8, p. 20, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. J. Borys, M. Maciejczyk, A. J. Krȩtowski et al., “The redox balance in erythrocytes, plasma, and periosteum of patients with titanium fixation of the jaw,” Frontiers in Physiology, vol. 8, p. 836, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. U. Kołodziej, M. Maciejczyk, W. Niklińska et al., “Chronic high-protein diet induces oxidative stress and alters the salivary gland function in rats,” Archives of Oral Biology, vol. 84, pp. 6–12, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. J. Marciniak, A. Zalewska, J. Popko, and K. Zwierz, “Optimization of an enzymatic method for the determination of lysosomal N-acetyl-β-D-hexosaminidase and β-glucuronidase in synovial fluid,” Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, vol. 44, no. 8, pp. 933–937, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. E. Fisher and E. Stain, “Alpha amylase from human saliva,” Biochemical Preparations, vol. 8, pp. 27–33, 1961. View at Google Scholar
  31. G. Strecker, J. C. Michalski, and J. Montreuil, “Lysosomal catabolic pathway of N-glycosylprotein glycans,” Biochimie, vol. 70, no. 11, pp. 1505–1510, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. Knaś, M. Choromanska, K. Karaszewska et al., “Activity of lysosomal exoglycosidases in saliva of patients with HIV infection,” Advances in Medical Sciences, vol. 52, pp. 186–190, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  33. A. Zalewska, M. Knaś, G. Gumiȩzny et al., “Salivary exoglycosidases in gestational diabetes,” Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej, vol. 67, pp. 315–320, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  34. D. Pugh and P. G. Walker, “The localization of N-acetyl-β-glucosaminidase in tissues,” The Journal of Histochemistry & Cytochemistry, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 242–250, 1961. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. K. Zwierz, A. Zalewska, and W. Zoch-Zwierz, “Isoenzymes of N-acetyl-β-hexosaminidase,” Acta Biochimica Polonica, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 739–751, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  36. N. Sohar, I. Sohar, and H. Hammer, “Lysosomal enzyme activities: new potential markers for Sjogren’s syndrome,” Clinical Biochemistry, vol. 38, pp. 1120–1126, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. J. Skrha and J. Hilgertová, “Relationship of serum N-acetyl-β-glucosaminidase activity to oxidative stress in diabetes mellitus,” Clinica Chimica Acta, vol. 282, no. 1–2, pp. 167–174, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. G. F. Watts, M. A. J. Vlitos, and R. W. Morris, “Urinary N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase excretion in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: relation to microalbuminuria, retinopathy and glycaemic control,” Diabète & Métabolisme, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 653–658, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  39. A. C. Romero, F. K. Ibuki, and F. N. Nogueira, “Sialic acid reduction in the saliva of streptozotocin induced diabetic rats,” Archives of Oral Biology, vol. 57, no. 9, pp. 1189–1193, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. H. Fushimi and S. Tarui, “β-glycosidases and diabetic microangiopathy. I. Decreases of β-glycosidase activities in diabetic rat kidney,” The Journal of Biochemistry, vol. 79, no. 2, pp. 265–270, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  41. H. Fushimi and S. Tarui, “β-glycosidases and diabetic microangiopathy. II. An insulin-dependent isozyme of β-N-acetylglucosaminidase,” The Journal of Biochemistry, vol. 79, no. 2, pp. 271–275, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  42. U. Chomkhakhai, S. Thanakun, S. O. Khovidhunkit, W. Khovidhunkit, and S. Thaweboon, “Oral health in Thai patients with metabolic syndrome,” Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews, vol. 3, pp. 192–197, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. M. Knaś, M. Maciejczyk, I. Daniszewska et al., “Oxidative damage to the salivary glands of rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes-temporal study: oxidative stress and diabetic salivary glands,” Journal of Diabetes Research, vol. 2016, Article ID 4583742, 13 pages, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. U. M. Nater and N. Rohleder, “Salivary alpha-amylase as a non-invasive biomarker for the sympathetic nervous system: current state of research,” Psychoneuroendocrinology, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 486–496, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. L. Rodrigues, R. Mouta, A. R. Costa et al., “Effects of high fat diet on salivary α-amylase, serum parameters and food consumption in rats,” Archives of Oral Biology, vol. 60, no. 6, pp. 854–862, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. S. R. Deconte, R. J. d. S. Oliveira, L. K. Calábria et al., “Alterations of antioxidant biomarkers and type I collagen deposition in the parotid gland of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats,” Archives of Oral Biology, vol. 56, no. 8, pp. 744–751, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. P. Rijkschroeff, I. D. Jansen, F. A. Van Der Weijden, B. J. Keijser, B. G. Loos, and E. A. Nicu, “Oral polymorphonuclear neutrophil characteristics in relation to oral health: a cross-sectional, observational clinical study,” International Journal of Oral Science, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 191–198, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. J. M. Albandar, A. Kingman, and I. B. Lamster, “Crevicular fluid level of β-glucuronidase in relation to clinical periodontal parameters and putative periodontal pathogens in early-onset periodontitis,” Journal of Clinical Periodontology, vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 630–639, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  49. L. C. Anderson and J. R. Garrett, “Lipid accumulation in the major salivary glands of streptozotocin-diabetic rats,” Archives of Oral Biology, vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 469–475, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. G. Solinas and M. Karin, “JNK1 and IKKβ: molecular links between obesity and metabolic dysfunction,” FASEB Journal, vol. 24, pp. 2596–2611, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. E. M. Kratz, N. Waszkiewicz, A. Kałuza et al., “Glycosylation changes in the salivary glycoproteins of alcohol-dependent patients: a pilot study,” Alcohol and Alcoholism, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 23–30, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. A. Zalewska, M. Knaś, E. Gińdzieńska-Sieśkiewicz et al., “Salivary antioxidants in patients with systemic sclerosis,” Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 61–68, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus