Table 3: Age-standardized percentage of awareness and treatment of diabetes among Thai adults aged ≥20 years with diabetes, according to sex in 2004, 2009, and 2014.

Men: % (95% CI)Women: % (95% CI)
200420092014200420092014

Undiagnosed65.2 (61.2, 69.0)46.1 (39.4, 53.0)51.2 (45.9, 56.6)48.5 (44.6, 52.5)23.3 (18.7, 28.6)41.3 (36.6, 46.1)
Diagnosed but not treated2.0 (1.2, 3.2)5.4 (2.6, 11.1)4.2 (2.4, 7.4)1.6 (1.0, 2.6)1.9 (1.0, 3.6)1.7 (0.9, 2.9)
Treated but not controlled23.7 (20.4, 27.4)29.7 (24.1, 36.0)23.9 (19.9, 28.3)32.0 (28.5, 35.6)40.1 (34.6, 46.0)35.7 (31.5, 40.2)
Treated and controlled, among all diabetes9.1 (7.3, 11.3)18.8 (14.8, 23.4)20.7 (16.9, 25.0)17.9 (15.2, 21.0)34.7 (29.4, 40.3)21.3 (18.1, 25.0)
Treated and controlled, among those treated26.3 (20.7, 32.8)36.9 (29.0, 45.6)45.9 (38.5, 53.5)35.5 (30.5, 40.9)46.1 (39.5, 52.9)36.4 (30.9, 42.3)

Undiagnosed diabetes was defined as participants whose FPG level was 126 mg/dL or greater and reported that they had never been diagnosed with diabetes. Diabetes that was considered treated and controlled referred to participants who received treatment with glucose-lowering medication and FPG < 130 mg/dL. The percentage of treated and controlled among all diabetes was the number of participants with diabetes and FPG < 130 mg/dL divided by the number of all participants with diabetes (combined known and unknown diabetes) and for those treated and controlled among treated was the number of participants with diabetes and FPG < 130 mg/dL divided by the number of participants who were aware of and treated for diabetes.