Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Diabetes Research
Volume 2018, Article ID 3407306, 12 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/3407306
Review Article

The Impact of Obesity on the Cardiovascular System

1Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Debrecen, Hungary
2Division of Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Debrecen, Hungary
3Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Debrecen, Hungary

Correspondence should be addressed to Zoltán Szabó; moc.liamg@dem.zobazs

Imre Csige and Dóra Ujvárosy contributed equally to this work.

Received 12 July 2018; Revised 12 September 2018; Accepted 27 September 2018; Published 4 November 2018

Guest Editor: Gaetano Santulli

Copyright © 2018 Imre Csige et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Obesity is a growing health problem worldwide. It is associated with an increased cardiovascular risk on the one hand of obesity itself and on the other hand of associated medical conditions (hypertension, diabetes, insulin resistance, and sleep apnoea syndrome). Obesity has an important role in atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease. Obesity leads to structural and functional changes of the heart, which causes heart failure. The altered myocardial structure increases the risk of atrial fibrillation and sudden cardiac death. However, obesity also has a protective effect on the clinical outcome of underlying cardiovascular disease, the phenomenon called obesity paradox. The improved cardiac imaging techniques allow the early detection of altered structure and function of the heart in obese patients. In this review, we attempt to summarize the relationship between obesity and cardiovascular diseases and outline the underlying mechanisms. The demonstrated new techniques of cardiac diagnostic procedures allow for the early detection and treatment of subclinical medical conditions and, therefore, the prevention of cardiovascular events.