Hyperbaric Normoxia Improved Glucose Metabolism and Decreased Inflammation in Obese Diabetic Rat
Muscle fiber cross-sectional area, wet weight, and cytokine expression in the plantaris muscle. Representative sections of the plantaris muscle stained for ATPase activity (a), type IIB fiber cross-sectional area (b), wet weight (c), expression levels of IL-6 mRNA (d), TNFα mRNA (e), IL-1β mRNA (f), and IL-10 mRNA (g). Control: nontreated control group; Control HB: control treated with the hyperbaric normoxia group; Diabetes: nontreated diabetes group; Diabetes HB: diabetes treated with the hyperbaric normoxia group; 1: type I fiber; 2: type IIA fiber; 3: type IIB fiber. . Values are . IL-6, TNFα, IL-1β, and IL-10 mRNA expression levels were calculated as fold changes relative to the Control group. ,†,‡Significantly different from the Control, Control HB, and Diabetes groups, , respectively.
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