Journal of Diabetes Research / 2019 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Self-Reported Physical Activity and Relations to Growth and Neurotrophic Factors in Diabetes Mellitus: The Framingham Offspring Study

Table 1

Study characteristics of participants at Framingham Offspring examination cycle 7.

Demographic variablesParticipants without DM
Participants with DM
Age-adjusted

Age, years, (at examination 7)<0.0001
Women, (%)712 (46)69 (39)0.044
BMI, kg/m2, median (Q1, Q3)27 (25, 30)31 (28, 36)<0.0001
Current smoking, (%)191 (12)18 (10)0.911
Hypertension, (%)573 (37)123 (69)<0.0001
Triglycerides, mg/dl, <0.0001
Total cholesterol, mg/dl, 0.0009
HDL cholesterol, mg/dl, <0.0001
Lipid med use, (%)215 (14)60 (34)<0.0001
Hypertension med use, (%)379 (24)100 (56)<0.0001
APOE ε4+, (%)310 (20)41 (23)0.342
Physical activity measures
Total physical activity (PAI), median (Q1, Q3)37 (33, 41)37 (33, 42)0.393
Sedentary time, hours/day, median (Q1, Q3)6 (4, 8)6 (4, 8)0.027
Flights walked, median (Q1, Q3)6 (3, 10)5 (2, 10)0.031
Blocks walked, median (Q1, Q3)12 (3, 24)6 (1, 12)<0.0001
Total ambulatory physical activity
Flights + blocks walked, median (Q1, Q3)
17 (9, 30)12 (6, 22)<0.0001

Abbreviations: DM: diabetes mellitus; BMI: body mass index; APOE: apolipoprotein E; HDL: high-density lipoprotein; PAI: physical activity index; Q: quartile. This value was not age-adjusted.

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