Journal of Diabetes Research / 2019 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Gender-Specific Independent and Combined Effects of the Cortisol-to-Cortisone Ratio and 11-Deoxycortisol on Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: From the Henan Rural Cohort Study

Table 1

Basic characteristics of the NGT and prediabetes participants.

MaleFemale
PrediabetesNGT valuePrediabetesNGT value

Subjects, 342342536536
Age (years)MatchedMatched
BMI (kg/m2)<0.0010.002
Current smoker, (%)158 (46.2)174 (50.9)0.22102 (0.4)0.25
Alcohol drinker, (%)84 (24.6)102 (29.8)0.12210 (1.9)12 (2.2)0.667
Physical activity, (%)0.4650.866
 Low119 (34.8)104 (30.4)110 (20.5)103 (19.2)
 Mediate119 (34.8)129 (37.7)308 (57.5)313 (58.4)
 High104 (30.4)109 (31.9)118 (22.0)120 (22.4)
Middle school or below, (%)45 (13.2)43 (12.6)0.81933 (6.2)26 (4.9)0.349
Per capita monthly income, (%)0.0760.563
 <500 (RMB)151 (44.2)128 (37.4)211 (39.4)214 (39.9)
 ~500 (RMB)107 (31.3)105 (30.7)182 (34.0)167 (31.2)
 ≥1000 (RMB)84 (24.6)109 (31.9)143 (26.7)155 (28.9)
Marital status, (%)0.6050.219
 Married/cohabiting303 (88.6)305 (89.2)472 (88.1)473 (88.2)
 Widowed23 (6.7)23 (6.7)61 (11.4)63 (11.8)
 Divorced/separated4 (1.2)1 (0.3)3 (0.6)0
 Unmarried12 (3.5)13 (3.8)00
Family history of T2DM, (%)5 (1.5)5 (1.5)0.6248 (1.5)9 (1.7)0.500
SBP (mmHg)0.0010.072
TC (mmol/L)<0.001<0.001
TG (mmol/L)0.0010.048
HDL-C (mmol/L)0.0350.151
LDL-C (mmol/L)<0.001<0.001
F/E11.62 (8.10-16.62)11.25 (8.44-15.54)0.34511.33 (8.15-16.29)11.41 (8.50-15.86)0.561
11-Deoxycortisol (ng/mL)0.30 (0.20-0.50)0.40 (0.20-0.60)0.0010.30 (0.20-0.50)0.30 (0.20-0.50)0.028

Abbreviation: NGT: normal glucose tolerance; T2DM: type 2 diabetes mellitus; BMI: body mass index; RMB: renminbi; SBP: systolic blood pressure; TC: total cholesterol; TG: triacylglycerol; HDL-C: high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C: low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; F/E: cortisol-to-cortisone ratio; SD: standard deviation. Data are presented as (%) for categorical data and or median (interquartile range) for continuous data.

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