Journal of Diabetes Research / 2019 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Effects of Probiotic Supplement in Pregnant Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Table 1

Characteristics of the included studies.

StudyYearCountryIntervention/control (sample size)Age (intervention/control)Duration
(weeks)
Probiotic speciesTotal dose (CFU)

Ahmadi et al.2016IranSynbiotic/placebo (35/35)6Lactobacillus acidophilus
Lactobacillus casei
Bifidobacterium bifidum
Babadi et al.2018IranProbiotic/placebo (24/24)6Lactobacillus acidophilus
Lactobacillus casei
Bifidobacterium bifidum
Lactobacillus fermentum
Badehnoosh et al.2018IranProbiotic/placebo (30/30)6Lactobacillus acidophilus
Lactobacillus casei
Bifidobacterium bifidum
Dolatkhah et al.2015TurkeyProbiotic/placebo (29/27)8Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-5
Bifidobacterium BB-12
Streptococcus thermophilus STY-31
Lactobacillus delbrueckii bulgaricus LBY-27
>
Jafarnejad et al.2016IranProbiotic/placebo (41/41)8Streptococcus thermophilus
Bifidobacterium breve
Bifidobacterium longum
Bifidobacterium infantis
Lactobacillus acidophilus
Lactobacillus plantarum
Lactobacillus paracasei
Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. Bulgaricus
Kijmanawat et al.2018ThailandProbiotic/placebo (28/29)4Bifidobacterium
Lactobacillus
Lindsay et al.2015IrelandProbiotic/placebo (74/75)6Lactobacillus salivarius
Nabhani et al.2018IranSynbiotic/placebo (45/45)6L. acidophilus
L. plantarum
L. fermentum
L. gasseri
Jamilian et al.2018IranProbiotic/placebo (29/28)6Lactobacillus acidophilus
Bifidobacterium bifidum
L. reuteri
Lactobacillus fermentum
Karamali et al.2016IranProbiotic/placebo (30/30)6Lactobacillus acidophilus
L. casei
Bifidobacterium bifidum
Karamali et al.2018IranSynbiotic/placebo (30/30)6Lactobacillus acidophilus
L. casei
Bifidobacterium bifidum

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