Journal of Diabetes Research / 2020 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Perceived Stress and Adherence to the Dietary Recommendations and Blood Glucose Levels in Type 1 Diabetes

Table 1

Basic characteristics divided by perceived stress.

Low stressModerate stressHigh stress

Stress score11 (7–12)19 (17–22)37 (30–41)
Men (%)50.060.832.0
Age (years)41 (38–45)40 (33–46)35 (31–43)
BMI (kg/m2)26.6 (25.1–29.0)25.1 (23.3–29.9)26.3 (23.3–30.4)
eGFR (ml/min/1.73 m2)107 (91–113)109 (97–119)115 (107–119)
HbA1c (mmol/mol)54 (51–67)64 (55–69)59 (53–65)
HbA1c (%)7.1 (6.8–8.3)8.0 (7.2–8.5)7.5 (7.0–8.1)
Cholesterol (mmol/l)4.49 (3.94–5.03)4.35 (3.95–4.92)4.51 (4.06–5.24)
HDL-cholesterol (mmol/l)1.23 (1.00–1.52)1.42 (1.15–1.76)1.40 (1.16–1.76)
Triglycerides (mmol/l)1.0 (0.8–1.4)1.0 (0.7–1.6)0.8 (0.7–1.6)

Data are presented as the median (interquartile range) for continuous variables as they had skewed distribution and frequency for categorical variables. Between-group comparisons were conducted with the Mann-Whitney test and Chi-squared test, respectively. In the comparisons, the moderate and high perceived stress groups were compared to the group with low perceived stress. Low stress: 1st quartile of the perceived stress scale; moderate stress: 2nd and 3rd quartiles of the perceived stress scale; high stress: 4th quartile of the perceived stress scale; BMI: body mass index. ; .